Traditional calculations in perturbative quantum chromodynamics (pQCD) are based on an order-by-order expansion in the strong coupling alpha(s). Observables that are calculable in this way are known as "safe." Recently, a class of unsafe observables was discovered that do not have a valid alpha(s) expansion but are nevertheless calculable in pQCD using all-orders resummation. These observables are called "Sudakov safe" since singularities at each alpha(s) order are regulated by an all-orders Sudakov form factor. In this paper, we give a concrete definition of Sudakov safety based on conditional probability distributions, and we study a one-parameter family of momentum sharing observables that interpolate between the safe and unsafe regimes. The boundary between these regimes is particularly interesting, as the resulting distribution can be understood as the ultraviolet fixed point of a generalized fragmentation function, yielding a leading behavior that is independent of alpha(s).

Sudakov safety in perturbative QCD

MARZANI, SIMONE;
2015

Abstract

Traditional calculations in perturbative quantum chromodynamics (pQCD) are based on an order-by-order expansion in the strong coupling alpha(s). Observables that are calculable in this way are known as "safe." Recently, a class of unsafe observables was discovered that do not have a valid alpha(s) expansion but are nevertheless calculable in pQCD using all-orders resummation. These observables are called "Sudakov safe" since singularities at each alpha(s) order are regulated by an all-orders Sudakov form factor. In this paper, we give a concrete definition of Sudakov safety based on conditional probability distributions, and we study a one-parameter family of momentum sharing observables that interpolate between the safe and unsafe regimes. The boundary between these regimes is particularly interesting, as the resulting distribution can be understood as the ultraviolet fixed point of a generalized fragmentation function, yielding a leading behavior that is independent of alpha(s).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/876602
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