BACKGROUND: We aimed at investigating whether the acute abrogation of leptin after bariatric surgery is able to reduce neutrophil activation and potentially affect type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission. METHODS: Metabolic and inflammatory parameters (i.e. leptin, IL-6 and neutrophil products) were compared at baseline (before bariatric surgery), one month, one and three years after surgery in morbid obese (MOB) T2DM patients (n=12) and non-MOB controls (n=32). In vitro, the effects of leptin on Il-6-induced human neutrophil degranulation and integrin upregulation were assessed. RESULTS: At baseline, MOB T2DM patients had a similar demographic, lipid and glycemic profiles than non-MOB T2DM controls, but higher levels of inflammatory mediators, such as CRP, fibrinogen, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and leptin. One month after surgery, CRP, fibrinogen and MMP-8 were reduced only in MOB T2DM patients, while serum leptin was reduced in both groups. In the overall cohort, leptin and MMP-8 drops from baseline to one month post-surgery were positively correlated (Δleptin vs. ΔMMP8: r=0.391, p=0.025). Moreover, ΔMMP8 inversely correlated with fasting glucose levels at one-year follow-up and with glycated hemoglobin at both one- and three-year. At the cut-off point identified by ROC curve analysis (>0ng/mL), ΔMMP8 predicted complete T2DM remission at 3-year follow-up. In vitro, leptin increased IL-6-induced MMP-8 release and abrogated CD18 up-regulation. CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery is associated to an acute abrogation of leptin that could affect MMP-8 levels, particularly in MOB T2DM patients. This beneficial event is associated with T2DM remission at 3-year follow-up.

Early reduction of matrix metalloproteinase-8 serum levels is associated with leptin drop and predicts diabetes remission after bariatric surgery

Liberale, Luca;Bonaventura, Aldo;Carbone, Federico;Bertolotto, Maria;Contini, Paola;Scopinaro, Nicola;Papadia, Francesco Saverio;Cordera, Renzo;Dallegri, Franco;Adami, Giovanni;Montecucco, Fabrizio
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We aimed at investigating whether the acute abrogation of leptin after bariatric surgery is able to reduce neutrophil activation and potentially affect type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission. METHODS: Metabolic and inflammatory parameters (i.e. leptin, IL-6 and neutrophil products) were compared at baseline (before bariatric surgery), one month, one and three years after surgery in morbid obese (MOB) T2DM patients (n=12) and non-MOB controls (n=32). In vitro, the effects of leptin on Il-6-induced human neutrophil degranulation and integrin upregulation were assessed. RESULTS: At baseline, MOB T2DM patients had a similar demographic, lipid and glycemic profiles than non-MOB T2DM controls, but higher levels of inflammatory mediators, such as CRP, fibrinogen, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and leptin. One month after surgery, CRP, fibrinogen and MMP-8 were reduced only in MOB T2DM patients, while serum leptin was reduced in both groups. In the overall cohort, leptin and MMP-8 drops from baseline to one month post-surgery were positively correlated (Δleptin vs. ΔMMP8: r=0.391, p=0.025). Moreover, ΔMMP8 inversely correlated with fasting glucose levels at one-year follow-up and with glycated hemoglobin at both one- and three-year. At the cut-off point identified by ROC curve analysis (>0ng/mL), ΔMMP8 predicted complete T2DM remission at 3-year follow-up. In vitro, leptin increased IL-6-induced MMP-8 release and abrogated CD18 up-regulation. CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery is associated to an acute abrogation of leptin that could affect MMP-8 levels, particularly in MOB T2DM patients. This beneficial event is associated with T2DM remission at 3-year follow-up.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/876376
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