The design of compact heat exchangers and their mass flow distributors is still based on empirical approaches and both experimentations and numerical analyses are needed for defining the best geometries able to reduce the mass flow rate non uniformities in parallel channels. This is a cause of reduction in both thermal and fluid-dynamic performances. In this paper, a series of single-phase and two-phase CFD simulations on water and water with air injection are carried out in order to estimate the capabilities of the solvers implemented in the OpenFOAM code to reproduce (in comparison with experimental data) such kind of configurations and phenomena. The effects of different turbulence models implemented in OpenFOAM are investigated; additionally, some general considerations on the differences and analogies among different Reynolds numbers flow and turbulence model effects applied to the present configuration are discussed. Finally, by the point of view of two-phase flow, the capability of the code to reproduce the intermittent behaviour is investigated, with the aim of obtaining an acceptable simulation of the non-uniform mass flow distribution in each protrusion; the obtained results are also compared with both ANSYS-FLUENT and STARCCM+ commercial codes.

CFD initial assessment of a protrusions based experimental facility

BORREANI, WALTER;DEVIA, FRANCESCO;LOMONACO, GUGLIELMO;MARCHITTO, ANNALISA
2017-01-01

Abstract

The design of compact heat exchangers and their mass flow distributors is still based on empirical approaches and both experimentations and numerical analyses are needed for defining the best geometries able to reduce the mass flow rate non uniformities in parallel channels. This is a cause of reduction in both thermal and fluid-dynamic performances. In this paper, a series of single-phase and two-phase CFD simulations on water and water with air injection are carried out in order to estimate the capabilities of the solvers implemented in the OpenFOAM code to reproduce (in comparison with experimental data) such kind of configurations and phenomena. The effects of different turbulence models implemented in OpenFOAM are investigated; additionally, some general considerations on the differences and analogies among different Reynolds numbers flow and turbulence model effects applied to the present configuration are discussed. Finally, by the point of view of two-phase flow, the capability of the code to reproduce the intermittent behaviour is investigated, with the aim of obtaining an acceptable simulation of the non-uniform mass flow distribution in each protrusion; the obtained results are also compared with both ANSYS-FLUENT and STARCCM+ commercial codes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/875287
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