Background and aims: Several studies demonstrated that surgery can improve inflammation parameters, such as C-reactive protein (CRP). Few biomarkers have been investigated to potentially predict type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission. We aimed at determining whether pre-surgery serum CRP levels could predict T2DM remission after 3 years in patients undergoing bariatric surgery, especially biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). Methods and results: This study was conducted from 2007 to 2009 at the Surgical Department of the University of Genoa, Italy. Forty-four patients with T2DM undergoing BPD (n = 38) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 6) were enrolled. The primary endpoint was to evaluate whether pre-surgery CRP levels could predict T2DM partial remission at 3-year follow-up. Secondary endpoints were to assess whether glycaemic, lipid, and inflammatory parameters modified during the follow-up. At baseline, patients with T2DM ranged from overweight to morbid obesity, had mild dyslipidaemia, and a low-grade inflammation. Bariatric surgery improved body weight, lipid and glycaemic profile both at 1- and 3-year follow-up. Pre-surgery CRP levels progressively decreased at 1- and 3-year follow-up. Among inflammatory pre-surgery parameters, only high CRP levels were shown to predict T2DM partial remission after 3 years. Multivariate analysis confirmed the predictive value of pre-surgery CRP levels independently of age, gender, type of surgery, and body mass index. Conclusion: Bariatric surgery, in particular BPD, improved both metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers at 1- and 3-year follow-up. Pre-surgery high CRP levels predicted 3-year T2DM partial remission, indicating a promising target population to be especially treated with BPD.
|Titolo:||High baseline C-reactive protein levels predict partial type 2 diabetes mellitus remission after biliopancreatic diversion|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|