In this work we present a machine learning pipeline for the detection of multiple sclerosis course from a collection of inexpensive and non-invasive measures such as clinical scales and patient-reported outcomes. The proposed analysis is conducted on a dataset coming from a clinical study comprising 457 patients affected by multiple sclerosis. The 91 collected variables describe patients mobility, fatigue, cognitive performance, emotional status, bladder continence and quality of life. A preliminary data exploration phase suggests that the group of patients diagnosed as Relapsing-Remitting can be isolated from other clinical courses. Supervised learning algorithms are then applied to perform feature selection and course classification. Our results confirm that clinical scales and patient-reported outcomes can be used to classify Relapsing-Remitting patients.

A machine learning pipeline for multiple sclerosis course detection from clinical scales and patient reported outcomes

FIORINI, SAMUELE;VERRI, ALESSANDRO;TACCHINO, ANDREA;BRICHETTO, GIAMPAOLO;BARLA, ANNALISA
2015

Abstract

In this work we present a machine learning pipeline for the detection of multiple sclerosis course from a collection of inexpensive and non-invasive measures such as clinical scales and patient-reported outcomes. The proposed analysis is conducted on a dataset coming from a clinical study comprising 457 patients affected by multiple sclerosis. The 91 collected variables describe patients mobility, fatigue, cognitive performance, emotional status, bladder continence and quality of life. A preliminary data exploration phase suggests that the group of patients diagnosed as Relapsing-Remitting can be isolated from other clinical courses. Supervised learning algorithms are then applied to perform feature selection and course classification. Our results confirm that clinical scales and patient-reported outcomes can be used to classify Relapsing-Remitting patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/861619
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