The dynamics of spherical particles resting on a horizontal wall and set into motion by an oscillatory flow is investigated by means of a fully coupled model. Both a smooth wall and a rough wall, the latter being composed of resting particles with a random arrangement and with the same diameter as the moving particles, are considered. The fluid and particle motions are determined by means of direct numerical simulations of Navier-Stokes equations and Newton's laws, respectively. The immersed boundary approach is used to force the no-slip condition on the surface of the particles. In particular, the process of formation of transverse sediment chains, within the boundary layer but orthogonal to the direction of fluid oscillations, is simulated in parameter ranges matching those of laboratory experiments investigating rolling-grain ripple formation. The numerical results agree with the experimental observations and show that the transverse sediment chains are generated by steady recirculating cells, generated by the interaction of the fluid and particle oscillations.
|Titolo:||On the formation of sediment chains in an oscillatory boundary layer|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|