Despite the high efficiency and flexibility of fuel cells, which make them an attractive technology for the future energy generation, their economic competitiveness is still penalized by their short lifetime, due to multiple degradation phenomena. As a matter of fact, electrochemical performance of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is reduced because of different degradation mechanisms, which depend on operating conditions, fuel and air contaminants, impurities in materials, and others. In this work, a real-time, one dimensional (1D) model of a SOFC is used to simulate the effects of voltage degradation in the cell. Different mechanisms are summarized in a simple empirical expression that relates degradation rate to cell operating parameters (current density, fuel utilization and temperature), on a localized basis. Profile distributions of different variables during cell degradation are analyzed. In particular, the effect of degradation on current density, temperature, and total resistance of the cell are investigated. An analysis of localized degradation effects shows how different parts of the cell degrade at a different time rate, and how the various profiles are redistributed along the cell as consequence of different degradation rates.

A distributed real-time model of degradation in a solid oxide fuel cell, part I: Model characterization

ZACCARIA, VALENTINA;TRAVERSO, ALBERTO
2016-01-01

Abstract

Despite the high efficiency and flexibility of fuel cells, which make them an attractive technology for the future energy generation, their economic competitiveness is still penalized by their short lifetime, due to multiple degradation phenomena. As a matter of fact, electrochemical performance of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is reduced because of different degradation mechanisms, which depend on operating conditions, fuel and air contaminants, impurities in materials, and others. In this work, a real-time, one dimensional (1D) model of a SOFC is used to simulate the effects of voltage degradation in the cell. Different mechanisms are summarized in a simple empirical expression that relates degradation rate to cell operating parameters (current density, fuel utilization and temperature), on a localized basis. Profile distributions of different variables during cell degradation are analyzed. In particular, the effect of degradation on current density, temperature, and total resistance of the cell are investigated. An analysis of localized degradation effects shows how different parts of the cell degrade at a different time rate, and how the various profiles are redistributed along the cell as consequence of different degradation rates.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/855066
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