The objective of this study was to assess the achievement of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) targets of meropenem (MEM) in critically-ill patients with bloodstream infections (BSI) due to Klebsiella pneumoniae-carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) with MEM minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ≥16 mg/L. Nineteen critically-ill patients with KPC-Kp BSI were given combination therapy including MEM, tigecycline, plus colistin or gentamicin (according to susceptibility testing). MEM was administered as an extended 3-hour infusion of 2 g every 8 hours, or adjusted according to renal function. MEM plasma concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. PK/PD targets for MEM were defined as T>40% 1×MIC and T>40% 4×MIC. Possible synergisms between MEM and coadministered agents were assessed by time-kill assays based on plasma levels for MEM and on fixed plasma concentrations for the other agents. In none of 19 patients MEM reached any PK/PD target. The actual MEM MICs were 256, 512, and 1024 mg/L in 1, 3, and 15 isolates, respectively. However, theoretically, the PK/PD target of T>40% 1×MIC could have been achieved in 95%, 68%, 32% and 0% of the isolates for MIC equal to 8, 16, 32, and 64 mg/L, respectively. No synergisms were observed between MEM and coadministered agents. In conclusion, high-dose MEM failed to reach PK/PD targets in 19 patients with BSI due to KPC-Kp with very high MEM MICs. On a theoretical basis, our results suggest a possible usefulness of MEM against resistant blood isolates with MICs up to 32 mg/L.

Meropenem for treating KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections: should we get to the PK/PD root of the paradox?

Giacobbe, Daniele Roberto;MARCHESE, ANNA;PARISINI, ANDREA;Fucile, Carmen;COPPO, ERIKA;Marini, Valeria;MARTELLI, ANTONIETTA MARIA;VISCOLI, CLAUDIO;PELOSI, PAOLO PASQUALINO;MATTIOLI, FRANCESCA
2017

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the achievement of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) targets of meropenem (MEM) in critically-ill patients with bloodstream infections (BSI) due to Klebsiella pneumoniae-carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) with MEM minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ≥16 mg/L. Nineteen critically-ill patients with KPC-Kp BSI were given combination therapy including MEM, tigecycline, plus colistin or gentamicin (according to susceptibility testing). MEM was administered as an extended 3-hour infusion of 2 g every 8 hours, or adjusted according to renal function. MEM plasma concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. PK/PD targets for MEM were defined as T>40% 1×MIC and T>40% 4×MIC. Possible synergisms between MEM and coadministered agents were assessed by time-kill assays based on plasma levels for MEM and on fixed plasma concentrations for the other agents. In none of 19 patients MEM reached any PK/PD target. The actual MEM MICs were 256, 512, and 1024 mg/L in 1, 3, and 15 isolates, respectively. However, theoretically, the PK/PD target of T>40% 1×MIC could have been achieved in 95%, 68%, 32% and 0% of the isolates for MIC equal to 8, 16, 32, and 64 mg/L, respectively. No synergisms were observed between MEM and coadministered agents. In conclusion, high-dose MEM failed to reach PK/PD targets in 19 patients with BSI due to KPC-Kp with very high MEM MICs. On a theoretical basis, our results suggest a possible usefulness of MEM against resistant blood isolates with MICs up to 32 mg/L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/839894
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