BACKGROUND: Intracardiac myxomas are frequent benign tumors of the heart and typically localize in the left atri- um and interatrial septum. When myxomas generate at other sites, they are designated as atypical. Mutations in the PRKAR1A gene (a tumor suppressor gene that encodes a protein kinase A [PKA] regulatory 1-alpha subunit) have been identified in both syndromic and non-syndromic cardiac atypical myxomas. METHODS: We report the case of a 33-year old woman suffering from night fever, weight loss, asthenia, and progressive dyspnea. RESULTS: The blood laboratory tests revealed microcytic anemia, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, increased serum levels of C-reactive protein level, and negative blood cultures. Physical examination also demonstrated a 2/6 systolic murmur. Transthoracic and trans-esophageal echocardiography showed a voluminous, mobile mass in the left atrium with a secondary dynamic obstruction of the left cardiac chamber and a significant functional mitral stenosis. A myxoma was supposed and the patient underwent surgery. Histologically, the lesion was identified as myxomatous tumor with gelatinous pattern. No germline mutations of the PRKAR1A gene were detected. The postoperative course did not present any complications, and the patient was discharged on the sixth postoperative day in good clinical condition. Accordingly, there was an improvement in the laboratory tests' results and a resolution of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The patient presented an atrial giant gelatinous myxoma with peculiarity of fever of unknown origin, without PRKAR1A gene germline mutations.

Mutation Analysis of PRKAR1A Gene in a Patient with Atrial Myxoma

MASSOBRIO, LAURA;NASTI, SABINA;MARTINUZZI, CLAUDIA;MONTECUCCO, FABRIZIO;ROSA, GIAN MARCO;
2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Intracardiac myxomas are frequent benign tumors of the heart and typically localize in the left atri- um and interatrial septum. When myxomas generate at other sites, they are designated as atypical. Mutations in the PRKAR1A gene (a tumor suppressor gene that encodes a protein kinase A [PKA] regulatory 1-alpha subunit) have been identified in both syndromic and non-syndromic cardiac atypical myxomas. METHODS: We report the case of a 33-year old woman suffering from night fever, weight loss, asthenia, and progressive dyspnea. RESULTS: The blood laboratory tests revealed microcytic anemia, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, increased serum levels of C-reactive protein level, and negative blood cultures. Physical examination also demonstrated a 2/6 systolic murmur. Transthoracic and trans-esophageal echocardiography showed a voluminous, mobile mass in the left atrium with a secondary dynamic obstruction of the left cardiac chamber and a significant functional mitral stenosis. A myxoma was supposed and the patient underwent surgery. Histologically, the lesion was identified as myxomatous tumor with gelatinous pattern. No germline mutations of the PRKAR1A gene were detected. The postoperative course did not present any complications, and the patient was discharged on the sixth postoperative day in good clinical condition. Accordingly, there was an improvement in the laboratory tests' results and a resolution of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The patient presented an atrial giant gelatinous myxoma with peculiarity of fever of unknown origin, without PRKAR1A gene germline mutations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/832602
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