Analyses performed on a stack operated for more than 4000h at 750°C at high fuel utilization (80%) revealed significant differences in aging behaviour of stack components when comparing fuel inlet and fuel outlet areas. Two samples were cut from the fuel inlet and outlet manifolds of the operated SOFC stack. The glass-ceramic sealing material and the interconnect alloy were exposed to a dual atmosphere (external air and internal fuel stream). The fuel composition was dry H2/N2 (60:40 vol. %) at the inlet and H2O/H2/N2 (48:12:40 vol. %) at the outlet. The stack was operated in co-flow configuration, with a large excess of air. It was found that the interfaces between the seal and the alloy were significantly affected by the difference in fuel composition. The sealant exposed to the outgoing air was significantly polluted by chromium generated in the stack and transported by the air stream. These investigations therefore reveal that the long-term evolution of the sealing and of the metallic support depends on the local conditions in the stack, as well as on additional interactions with other degradation phenomena.

Aging of materials at inlet and outlet fuel manifolds in a SOFC stack

PICCARDO, PAOLO;BONGIORNO, VALERIA;SPOTORNO, ROBERTO;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Analyses performed on a stack operated for more than 4000h at 750°C at high fuel utilization (80%) revealed significant differences in aging behaviour of stack components when comparing fuel inlet and fuel outlet areas. Two samples were cut from the fuel inlet and outlet manifolds of the operated SOFC stack. The glass-ceramic sealing material and the interconnect alloy were exposed to a dual atmosphere (external air and internal fuel stream). The fuel composition was dry H2/N2 (60:40 vol. %) at the inlet and H2O/H2/N2 (48:12:40 vol. %) at the outlet. The stack was operated in co-flow configuration, with a large excess of air. It was found that the interfaces between the seal and the alloy were significantly affected by the difference in fuel composition. The sealant exposed to the outgoing air was significantly polluted by chromium generated in the stack and transported by the air stream. These investigations therefore reveal that the long-term evolution of the sealing and of the metallic support depends on the local conditions in the stack, as well as on additional interactions with other degradation phenomena.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/830334
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