A simplified model of periodic chiral beam-lattices containing local resonators has been formulated to obtain a better understanding of the influence of the chirality and of the dynamic characteristics of the local resonators on the acoustic behavior. The beam-lattice models are made up of a periodic array of rigid heavy rings, each one connected to the others through elastic slender massless ligaments and containing an internal resonator made of a rigid disk in a soft elastic annulus. The band structure and the occurrence of low frequency band-gaps are analysed through a discrete Lagrangian model. For both the hexa- and the tetrachiral lattice, two acoustic modes and four optical modes are identified and the influence of the dynamic characteristics of the resonator on those branches is analyzed together with some properties of the band structure. By approximating the ring displacements of the discrete Lagrangian model as a continuum field and through an application of the generalized macro-homogeneity condition, a generalized micropolar equivalent continuum has been derived, together with the overall equation of motion and the constitutive equation given in closed form. The validity limits of the dispersion functions provided by the micropolar model are assessed by a comparison with those obtained by the discrete model.

Simplified modelling of chiral lattice materials with local resonators

Bacigalupo, Andrea;GAMBAROTTA, LUIGI
2016

Abstract

A simplified model of periodic chiral beam-lattices containing local resonators has been formulated to obtain a better understanding of the influence of the chirality and of the dynamic characteristics of the local resonators on the acoustic behavior. The beam-lattice models are made up of a periodic array of rigid heavy rings, each one connected to the others through elastic slender massless ligaments and containing an internal resonator made of a rigid disk in a soft elastic annulus. The band structure and the occurrence of low frequency band-gaps are analysed through a discrete Lagrangian model. For both the hexa- and the tetrachiral lattice, two acoustic modes and four optical modes are identified and the influence of the dynamic characteristics of the resonator on those branches is analyzed together with some properties of the band structure. By approximating the ring displacements of the discrete Lagrangian model as a continuum field and through an application of the generalized macro-homogeneity condition, a generalized micropolar equivalent continuum has been derived, together with the overall equation of motion and the constitutive equation given in closed form. The validity limits of the dispersion functions provided by the micropolar model are assessed by a comparison with those obtained by the discrete model.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/823197
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