Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) has been adopted to analyze the instantaneous flow field developing on a high-lift turbine blade profile operating under low and elevated free-stream turbulence conditions (FSTI). Results reported in the paper allow us to analyze the dynamics leading to transition and separation of the suction side boundary layer, looking to generation, propagation and breakdown of coherent structures observed in the two different FSTI cases. To this end, measurements have been performed in two orthogonal planes. Results obtained in the blade-to-blade plane allow the detailed characterization of the propagation of Kelvin–Helmholtz (KH) rolls generating, at low FSTI condition, as a consequence of a non-reattaching separation. Otherwise, data in the wall-parallel plane allow recognizing the presence of three-dimensional disuniformities induced at high FSTI by low and high speed streaks (Klebanoff mode). The sinuous breakdown of boundary layer streaks generates other complex three-dimensional coherent structures such as hairpin or cane-like vortices that induce transition. Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) has been adopted to in depth characterize these structures, thus further explaining the mechanisms through which the free-stream turbulence intensity modify the transition/separation processes of the suction side boundary layer of an highly loaded low pressure turbine blade.
|Titolo:||Recognition of coherent structures in the boundary layer of a low-pressure-turbine blade for different free-stream turbulence intensity levels|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|