Abstract BACKGROUND: Intravascular volume replacement is often required in the presence of increased pulmonary capillary leakage, for example in patients with volutrauma with major hemorrhage. In the present study, the effects of Ringer's acetate (RA), gelatin-polysuccinate (GEL), and a modern hydroxyethyl starch (HES, 6% 130/0.42) on lung and kidney function and damage were compared in a two-hit model of acute lung injury. The authors hypothesized that GEL and HES, compared to RA: (1) reduced lung histological damage, (2) impaired kidney morphology and function. METHODS: Acute lung injury was induced in 30 anesthetized pigs by tidal volumes approximately 40 ml/kg, after saline lung lavage. Protective ventilation was initiated and approximately≈25% of estimated blood volume was drawn. Animals were randomly assigned to receive RA, GEL, or HES (n = 10/group) aimed at approximately 90% of intrathoracic blood volume before blood drainage. RESULTS: Fluid volumes were higher with RA (2,250 ± 764 ml) than GEL (704 ± 159 ml) and HES (837 ± 82 ml) (P < 0.05). Compared to RA, HES reduced diffuse alveolar damage overall, and GEL in nondependent zones only. GEL and HES yielded lower wet-to-dry ratios compared to RA (6.5 ± 0.5 and 6.5 ± 0.6 vs. 7.9 ± 0.9, respectively, P < 0.05). HES and RA resulted in less kidney damage than GEL, but kidney function did not differ significantly among groups. Compared to GEL, HES yielded lower lung elastance (55 ± 12 vs. 45 ± 13 cm H2O/l, P < 0.05) and intra-abdominal pressure (15 ± 5 vs. 11 ± 4 cm 14;H2O, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In this model of acute lung injury, intravascular volume expansion after major hemorrhage with HES yielded less lung damage than RA and less kidney damage than GEL.

Effects of Intravascular Volume Replacement on Lung and Kidney Function and Damage in Nonseptic Experimental Lung Injury

PELOSI, PAOLO PASQUALINO;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: Intravascular volume replacement is often required in the presence of increased pulmonary capillary leakage, for example in patients with volutrauma with major hemorrhage. In the present study, the effects of Ringer's acetate (RA), gelatin-polysuccinate (GEL), and a modern hydroxyethyl starch (HES, 6% 130/0.42) on lung and kidney function and damage were compared in a two-hit model of acute lung injury. The authors hypothesized that GEL and HES, compared to RA: (1) reduced lung histological damage, (2) impaired kidney morphology and function. METHODS: Acute lung injury was induced in 30 anesthetized pigs by tidal volumes approximately 40 ml/kg, after saline lung lavage. Protective ventilation was initiated and approximately≈25% of estimated blood volume was drawn. Animals were randomly assigned to receive RA, GEL, or HES (n = 10/group) aimed at approximately 90% of intrathoracic blood volume before blood drainage. RESULTS: Fluid volumes were higher with RA (2,250 ± 764 ml) than GEL (704 ± 159 ml) and HES (837 ± 82 ml) (P < 0.05). Compared to RA, HES reduced diffuse alveolar damage overall, and GEL in nondependent zones only. GEL and HES yielded lower wet-to-dry ratios compared to RA (6.5 ± 0.5 and 6.5 ± 0.6 vs. 7.9 ± 0.9, respectively, P < 0.05). HES and RA resulted in less kidney damage than GEL, but kidney function did not differ significantly among groups. Compared to GEL, HES yielded lower lung elastance (55 ± 12 vs. 45 ± 13 cm H2O/l, P < 0.05) and intra-abdominal pressure (15 ± 5 vs. 11 ± 4 cm 14;H2O, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In this model of acute lung injury, intravascular volume expansion after major hemorrhage with HES yielded less lung damage than RA and less kidney damage than GEL.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/656374
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