OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the fate of the native aortic root after replacement of the ascending aorta to treat acute type A aortic dissection. METHODS: Between June 1985 and January 2010, 319 consecutive patients (mean age, 63 ± 11 years) with acute type A aortic dissection underwent replacement of the ascending aorta with preservation of the aortic root. The aortic valve was also replaced in 21 of these patients (7%). The intervention was extended to the aortic arch in 210 patients (66%), of whom 173 (54%) underwent hemiarch replacement, and 37 (12%), total arch replacement. RESULTS: There were 109 (34%) in-hospital deaths. Of the 210 discharged patients, survival was 95%, 58%, and 27% at 1, 10, and 23 years, respectively. Freedom from reoperation on the proximal aorta was reported by 97%, 92%, and 82% patients at 5, 10, and 23 years, respectively. Twelve patients were reoperated for aortic root dilatation and 2 died during reoperation. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that significant risk factors for proximal reoperation were age <60 years (P = .005; relative risk, 1.94) and Marfan syndrome (P = .011; relative risk, 2.76). At follow-up, 15 patients (11%) had an aortic root diameter of >45 mm, but they were not reoperated. CONCLUSIONS: For acute type A aortic dissection, replacement of the ascending aorta with root preservation shows long-term effectiveness with low reoperation and aortic root dilatation rates.

Fate of the preserved aortic root after treatment of acute type A aortic dissection: 23-year follow-up

PASSERONE, GIANCARLO;REGESTA, TOMMASO
2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the fate of the native aortic root after replacement of the ascending aorta to treat acute type A aortic dissection. METHODS: Between June 1985 and January 2010, 319 consecutive patients (mean age, 63 ± 11 years) with acute type A aortic dissection underwent replacement of the ascending aorta with preservation of the aortic root. The aortic valve was also replaced in 21 of these patients (7%). The intervention was extended to the aortic arch in 210 patients (66%), of whom 173 (54%) underwent hemiarch replacement, and 37 (12%), total arch replacement. RESULTS: There were 109 (34%) in-hospital deaths. Of the 210 discharged patients, survival was 95%, 58%, and 27% at 1, 10, and 23 years, respectively. Freedom from reoperation on the proximal aorta was reported by 97%, 92%, and 82% patients at 5, 10, and 23 years, respectively. Twelve patients were reoperated for aortic root dilatation and 2 died during reoperation. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that significant risk factors for proximal reoperation were age <60 years (P = .005; relative risk, 1.94) and Marfan syndrome (P = .011; relative risk, 2.76). At follow-up, 15 patients (11%) had an aortic root diameter of >45 mm, but they were not reoperated. CONCLUSIONS: For acute type A aortic dissection, replacement of the ascending aorta with root preservation shows long-term effectiveness with low reoperation and aortic root dilatation rates.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/564921
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact