In the new “Hydrogen Economy” concept, water electrolysis is considered one of the most promising technologies for hydrogen production. Novel electrocatalytic materials for the hydrogen electrode are being actively investigated to improve the energy efficiency of current electrolysers. Platinum (Pt) alloys are known to possess good catalytic activities towards the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). However, virtually nothing is known about the effects of rare earth (RE) elements on the electrocatalytic behaviour of Pt towards the HER. In this study, the hydrogen discharge is evaluated in three different Pt–RE intermetallic alloy electrodes, namely Pt–Ce, Pt–Sm and Pt–Ho, all having equiatomic composition. The electrodes are tested in 8 M KOH aqueous electrolytes at temperatures ranging from 25 °C to 85 °C. Measurements of the HER by linear scan voltammetry allow the determination of several kinetic parameters, namely the Tafel coefficients, charge-transfer coefficients, and exchange current densities. Activation energies of 46, 59, 39, and 60 kJ mol−1 are calculated for Pt, Pt–Ce, Pt–Sm and Pt–Ho electrodes, respectively. Results show that the addition of REs improves the activity of the Pt electrocatalyst. Studies are in progress to correlate the microstructure of the studied alloys with their performance towards the HER.

Platinum–rare earth electrodes for hydrogen evolution in alkaline water electrolysis

MACCIO', DANIELE;SACCONE, ADRIANA;
2013

Abstract

In the new “Hydrogen Economy” concept, water electrolysis is considered one of the most promising technologies for hydrogen production. Novel electrocatalytic materials for the hydrogen electrode are being actively investigated to improve the energy efficiency of current electrolysers. Platinum (Pt) alloys are known to possess good catalytic activities towards the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). However, virtually nothing is known about the effects of rare earth (RE) elements on the electrocatalytic behaviour of Pt towards the HER. In this study, the hydrogen discharge is evaluated in three different Pt–RE intermetallic alloy electrodes, namely Pt–Ce, Pt–Sm and Pt–Ho, all having equiatomic composition. The electrodes are tested in 8 M KOH aqueous electrolytes at temperatures ranging from 25 °C to 85 °C. Measurements of the HER by linear scan voltammetry allow the determination of several kinetic parameters, namely the Tafel coefficients, charge-transfer coefficients, and exchange current densities. Activation energies of 46, 59, 39, and 60 kJ mol−1 are calculated for Pt, Pt–Ce, Pt–Sm and Pt–Ho electrodes, respectively. Results show that the addition of REs improves the activity of the Pt electrocatalyst. Studies are in progress to correlate the microstructure of the studied alloys with their performance towards the HER.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/556720
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