The present study was planned to investigate, by means of quantitative FDG-PET, how bariatric surgery (BS) modifies the metabolic pattern of the whole body and different tissues in slightly obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. Before, one and four months after bariatric surgery, twenty-one consecutive slightly obese T2DM patients underwent blood sampling to estimate plasma levels of glucose, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin. At the same time points, these patients underwent a dynamic (18) F-FDG PET study of thorax and upper abdomen in fasting state and after washout of T2DM therapy. Gjedde-Patlak analysis was applied to estimate glucose uptake in the whole body and in different tissues (myocardium, skeletal back muscle, adipose tissue and liver). Results. Surgical intervention quickly lowered levels of both insulin and glucose documenting an amelioration of glucose tolerance. Similarly skeletal muscle and myocardial glucose uptake significantly increased soon after surgery (p<0.001 and p<0.01 at one month versus baseline respectively) and remained substantially stable thereafter. By contrast, glucose uptake slightly decreased from its baseline values in the liver (p<0.01 at four months) while no response could be documented over time in the adipose tissue. Conclusions. These findings document that bariatric surgery-induced odification of glucose homeostasis in slightly obese T2DM patients is mostly due to an increase in muscle glucose consumption. The surgically modified metabolic pattern of these patients might be of interest as a new model to investigate mechanism underlying insulin resistance.

Tissue specificity in fasting glucose utilization in slightly obese diabetic patients submitted to bariatric surgery.

Morbelli S;Massollo M;Capitanio S;Papadia F;Cordera R;Scopinaro N;Sambuceti G
2013

Abstract

The present study was planned to investigate, by means of quantitative FDG-PET, how bariatric surgery (BS) modifies the metabolic pattern of the whole body and different tissues in slightly obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. Before, one and four months after bariatric surgery, twenty-one consecutive slightly obese T2DM patients underwent blood sampling to estimate plasma levels of glucose, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin. At the same time points, these patients underwent a dynamic (18) F-FDG PET study of thorax and upper abdomen in fasting state and after washout of T2DM therapy. Gjedde-Patlak analysis was applied to estimate glucose uptake in the whole body and in different tissues (myocardium, skeletal back muscle, adipose tissue and liver). Results. Surgical intervention quickly lowered levels of both insulin and glucose documenting an amelioration of glucose tolerance. Similarly skeletal muscle and myocardial glucose uptake significantly increased soon after surgery (p<0.001 and p<0.01 at one month versus baseline respectively) and remained substantially stable thereafter. By contrast, glucose uptake slightly decreased from its baseline values in the liver (p<0.01 at four months) while no response could be documented over time in the adipose tissue. Conclusions. These findings document that bariatric surgery-induced odification of glucose homeostasis in slightly obese T2DM patients is mostly due to an increase in muscle glucose consumption. The surgically modified metabolic pattern of these patients might be of interest as a new model to investigate mechanism underlying insulin resistance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/553320
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