Objective Assessment of associations of nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) scleroderma patterns (‘early’, ‘active’ and ‘late’) with future severe clinical involvement in a systemic sclerosis (SSc) population. Methods Sixty-six consecutive patients with SSc according to the LeRoy and Medsger criteria underwent NVC assessment at baseline. Videocapillaroscopic images were classifi ed into ‘normal’, ‘early’, ‘active’ or ‘late’ NVC pattern. Clinical evaluation was performed for nine organ systems (general, peripheral vascular, skin, joint, muscle, gastrointestinal tract, lung, heart and kidney) according to the disease severity scale of Medsger (DSS) at 18–24 months of follow-up. Severe clinical involvement was defi ned as category 2–4 per organ of the DSS. Results NVC patterns were signifi cantly associated with future severe, peripheral vascular/lung involvement at 18–24 months. The OR rose steadily throughout the patterns. The OR for future severe peripheral disease based on simple/multiple (correcting for disease duration, subset and medication) logistic regression was 2.49/2.52 (95% CI 1.33 to 5.43, p=0.003/1.11 to 7.07, p=0.026) for early, 6.18/6.37 for active and 15.35/16.07 for late NVC scleroderma patterns versus the normal NVC pattern. The OR for future severe lung involvement based on simple/multiple regression was 2.54/2.33 (95% CI 1.40 to 5.22, p=0.001/1.13 to 5.52, p=0.021) for early, 6.43/5.44 for active and 16.30/12.68 for late NVC patterns

Do worsening scleroderma capillaroscopic patterns predict future severe organ involvement? a pilot study.

SULLI, ALBERTO;CUTOLO, MAURIZIO
2012

Abstract

Objective Assessment of associations of nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) scleroderma patterns (‘early’, ‘active’ and ‘late’) with future severe clinical involvement in a systemic sclerosis (SSc) population. Methods Sixty-six consecutive patients with SSc according to the LeRoy and Medsger criteria underwent NVC assessment at baseline. Videocapillaroscopic images were classifi ed into ‘normal’, ‘early’, ‘active’ or ‘late’ NVC pattern. Clinical evaluation was performed for nine organ systems (general, peripheral vascular, skin, joint, muscle, gastrointestinal tract, lung, heart and kidney) according to the disease severity scale of Medsger (DSS) at 18–24 months of follow-up. Severe clinical involvement was defi ned as category 2–4 per organ of the DSS. Results NVC patterns were signifi cantly associated with future severe, peripheral vascular/lung involvement at 18–24 months. The OR rose steadily throughout the patterns. The OR for future severe peripheral disease based on simple/multiple (correcting for disease duration, subset and medication) logistic regression was 2.49/2.52 (95% CI 1.33 to 5.43, p=0.003/1.11 to 7.07, p=0.026) for early, 6.18/6.37 for active and 15.35/16.07 for late NVC scleroderma patterns versus the normal NVC pattern. The OR for future severe lung involvement based on simple/multiple regression was 2.54/2.33 (95% CI 1.40 to 5.22, p=0.001/1.13 to 5.52, p=0.021) for early, 6.43/5.44 for active and 16.30/12.68 for late NVC patterns
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/504763
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