Biodiesel is an alternative nonpetroleum based fuel, consisting of alkyl esters obtained either by esterification of free fatty acids with low molecular weight alcohols, or by transesterification of triglycerides. The realization of a biodiesel unit can pose several safety issues and inherent safety application opportunities as the production involves the transport, use and storage of hazardous materials, either flammable or toxic. In the experimental phase, we studied, at laboratory scale, different alkali catalysts and the relevant reaction parameters, considering inherent safety opportunities. An accurate kinetic model of the transesterification process was developed and validated, allowing to provide possible minimization and simplification plant options.

Biodiesel Production via Transesterification: Process Safety Insights from Kinetic Modeling

FABIANO, BRUNO;REVERBERI, ANDREA;DEL BORGHI, ADRIANA;DOVI', VINCENZO
2012

Abstract

Biodiesel is an alternative nonpetroleum based fuel, consisting of alkyl esters obtained either by esterification of free fatty acids with low molecular weight alcohols, or by transesterification of triglycerides. The realization of a biodiesel unit can pose several safety issues and inherent safety application opportunities as the production involves the transport, use and storage of hazardous materials, either flammable or toxic. In the experimental phase, we studied, at laboratory scale, different alkali catalysts and the relevant reaction parameters, considering inherent safety opportunities. An accurate kinetic model of the transesterification process was developed and validated, allowing to provide possible minimization and simplification plant options.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/495318
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