The localization of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-like immunoreactivity was investigated in the brain, olfactory system and retina of the zebrafish, Danio rerio, during development and in juvenile specimens, by using the indirect immunofluorescence and the peroxidase-antiperoxidase methods. In 24 h post fertilization (hpf) embryos, VIP-like immunoreactive cells were present in the olfactory pit, the retina, and several regions of the brain, including the dorsal telencephalon, the diencephalon, the tegmentum of the mesencephalon, the caudal rhombencephalon and the anterior pituitary. In 48 hpf embryos, additional VIP-like immunoreactive cell bodies were found in the ventral telencephalon, whereas in the diencephalon VIP-like immunopositive cells were more concentrated within the ventro-caudal hypothalamus. During the 7 day larval period, a dense plexus of VIP-like immunoreactive fibers first appeared in the olfactory bulbs. In 15-day-old larvae, two new groups of positive cells were observed in the periventricular preoptic nucleus and in the dorsal rhombencephalon. In 1 month/2 months old animals, VIP-like immunoreactive elements were confined to the olfactory organ, the olfactory bulbs, the periventricular preoptic nucleus and the pituitary, pars distalis. At 3 months stage, a large number of cells was observed in the periventricular preoptic nucleus. Western immunoblot analysis confirmed that VIP-like peptides, with molecular weight similar to that of synthetic VIP, are present early during the development of zebrafish. These results show that VIP-like immunoreactive structures appear early during ontogeny both in the olfactory pit, retina and brain. Transient expression of positive cells was found in the retina, telencephalon, diencephalon and brainstem. The location of VIP-like immunoreactivity indicates that, during development, VIP could be involved in several neuromodulatory functions, including the processing of visual and olfactory informations, as well as growth or survival promotion activities. The presence of VIP-like immunopositive cells in the pituitary, pars distalis, suggest that, during development, VIP may influence the secretion of pituitary hormones.

Organization of VIP-like immunoreactive system in the brain, olfactory organ and retina of the Zebrafish

ANGELINI, CRISTIANO;
2001-01-01

Abstract

The localization of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-like immunoreactivity was investigated in the brain, olfactory system and retina of the zebrafish, Danio rerio, during development and in juvenile specimens, by using the indirect immunofluorescence and the peroxidase-antiperoxidase methods. In 24 h post fertilization (hpf) embryos, VIP-like immunoreactive cells were present in the olfactory pit, the retina, and several regions of the brain, including the dorsal telencephalon, the diencephalon, the tegmentum of the mesencephalon, the caudal rhombencephalon and the anterior pituitary. In 48 hpf embryos, additional VIP-like immunoreactive cell bodies were found in the ventral telencephalon, whereas in the diencephalon VIP-like immunopositive cells were more concentrated within the ventro-caudal hypothalamus. During the 7 day larval period, a dense plexus of VIP-like immunoreactive fibers first appeared in the olfactory bulbs. In 15-day-old larvae, two new groups of positive cells were observed in the periventricular preoptic nucleus and in the dorsal rhombencephalon. In 1 month/2 months old animals, VIP-like immunoreactive elements were confined to the olfactory organ, the olfactory bulbs, the periventricular preoptic nucleus and the pituitary, pars distalis. At 3 months stage, a large number of cells was observed in the periventricular preoptic nucleus. Western immunoblot analysis confirmed that VIP-like peptides, with molecular weight similar to that of synthetic VIP, are present early during the development of zebrafish. These results show that VIP-like immunoreactive structures appear early during ontogeny both in the olfactory pit, retina and brain. Transient expression of positive cells was found in the retina, telencephalon, diencephalon and brainstem. The location of VIP-like immunoreactivity indicates that, during development, VIP could be involved in several neuromodulatory functions, including the processing of visual and olfactory informations, as well as growth or survival promotion activities. The presence of VIP-like immunopositive cells in the pituitary, pars distalis, suggest that, during development, VIP may influence the secretion of pituitary hormones.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/389932
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