We evaluated the effect of the antibodies to adhesion molecules CD2, CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1), and CD56 (N-CAM) on MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity mediated by polyclonal NK cells and LAK cells or by CD3+ or CD3- cytolytic cell clones against a panel of tumor cell targets selected according to expression or absence of the corresponding ligands. We show that (i) antibodies to CD11a/CD18 and, to a lesser extent, antibodies to CD2 inhibit target cell lysis, whereas anti-CD56 antibodies exert little if any effect; (ii) in a model system using polyclonal NK/LAK cells as effectors and K562 or HL60-R (NK-resistant) cells as targets, inhibition of cytotoxicity occurs without a significant impairment of effector to target cell binding; (iii) the cytotoxic function of CD3+ or CD3- cytotoxic cell clones is inhibited differentially by antibodies to adhesion molecules; (iv) conjugates formed in the presence of antibodies which inhibit target cell lysis display a significant reduction of target to effector cell contact surface; and (v) this may lead to defective activation of effector cells, as indicated by lack of redistribution of the microtubular apparatus. We conclude that (i) MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity is regulated by a number of molecular interactions that span far beyond our present knowledge and that it is strictly dependent on the surface phenotype of the effector cell and of the target cell; (ii) in certain types of effector/target cell interactions, antibodies to adhesion molecules do not prevent conjugate formation but reduce the extent of cell-to-cell surface contact which, in turn, leads to defective activation of the effector cell and, therefore, to inhibition of target cell lysis.

Antibodies to adhesion molecules inhibit the lytic function of MHC-unrestricted cytotoxic cells by preventing their activation.

ZARCONE, DANIELA;TENCA, CLAUDYA;MORETTA, ALESSANDRO
1992

Abstract

We evaluated the effect of the antibodies to adhesion molecules CD2, CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1), and CD56 (N-CAM) on MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity mediated by polyclonal NK cells and LAK cells or by CD3+ or CD3- cytolytic cell clones against a panel of tumor cell targets selected according to expression or absence of the corresponding ligands. We show that (i) antibodies to CD11a/CD18 and, to a lesser extent, antibodies to CD2 inhibit target cell lysis, whereas anti-CD56 antibodies exert little if any effect; (ii) in a model system using polyclonal NK/LAK cells as effectors and K562 or HL60-R (NK-resistant) cells as targets, inhibition of cytotoxicity occurs without a significant impairment of effector to target cell binding; (iii) the cytotoxic function of CD3+ or CD3- cytotoxic cell clones is inhibited differentially by antibodies to adhesion molecules; (iv) conjugates formed in the presence of antibodies which inhibit target cell lysis display a significant reduction of target to effector cell contact surface; and (v) this may lead to defective activation of effector cells, as indicated by lack of redistribution of the microtubular apparatus. We conclude that (i) MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity is regulated by a number of molecular interactions that span far beyond our present knowledge and that it is strictly dependent on the surface phenotype of the effector cell and of the target cell; (ii) in certain types of effector/target cell interactions, antibodies to adhesion molecules do not prevent conjugate formation but reduce the extent of cell-to-cell surface contact which, in turn, leads to defective activation of the effector cell and, therefore, to inhibition of target cell lysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/384607
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