Despite some advances in understanding of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathogenesis, significant achievements in treating this disease are still lacking. Mesenchymal stromal (stem) cells (MSCs) have been shown to be effective in several models of neurological diseases. In order to determine the effects of the intravenous injection of MSCs in an ALS mouse model during the symptomatic stage of disease, MSCs (1×10(6)) were intravenously injected in mice expressing human SOD1 carrying the G93A mutation (SOD1/G93A) presenting with experimental ALS. Survival, motor abilities, histology, oxidative stress markers and [(3)H]D-aspartate release in spinal cord were investigated. MSCs injection in SOD1/G93A mice improved survival and motor functions compared to saline-injected controls. Injected MSCs scantly home to the central nervous system and poorly engraft. We observed a reduced accumulation of ubiquitin agglomerates and of activated astrocytes and microglia in the spinal cord of MSC-treated SOD1/G93A mice, with no changes in the number of choline acetyltransferase- and glutamate transporter type 1-positive cells. MSCs administration turned around the up-regulation of metallothioneines mRNA expression and of the activity of the anti-oxidant enzyme glutathione S-transferase, both associated with disease progression. Last, we observed that MSCs reverted both spontaneous and stimulus-evoked neuronal release of [(3)H]D-aspartate, a marker of endogenous glutamate, which is up-regulated in SOD1/G93A mice. These findings suggest that intravenous administration of MSCs significantly improves the clinical outcome and pathological scores of mutant SOD1/G93A mice, thus providing the rationale for their exploitation for the treatment of ALS.

Intravenous Mesenchymal Stem Cells Improve Survival and Motor Function in Experimental Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

UCCELLI, ANTONIO;MILANESE, MARCO;MORANDO, SARA;BONIFACINO, TIZIANA;VERGANI, LAURA;GIUNTI, DEBORA;VOCI, ADRIANA;CARMINATI, ENRICO GIANNI;BONANNO, GIAMBATTISTA
2012

Abstract

Despite some advances in understanding of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathogenesis, significant achievements in treating this disease are still lacking. Mesenchymal stromal (stem) cells (MSCs) have been shown to be effective in several models of neurological diseases. In order to determine the effects of the intravenous injection of MSCs in an ALS mouse model during the symptomatic stage of disease, MSCs (1×10(6)) were intravenously injected in mice expressing human SOD1 carrying the G93A mutation (SOD1/G93A) presenting with experimental ALS. Survival, motor abilities, histology, oxidative stress markers and [(3)H]D-aspartate release in spinal cord were investigated. MSCs injection in SOD1/G93A mice improved survival and motor functions compared to saline-injected controls. Injected MSCs scantly home to the central nervous system and poorly engraft. We observed a reduced accumulation of ubiquitin agglomerates and of activated astrocytes and microglia in the spinal cord of MSC-treated SOD1/G93A mice, with no changes in the number of choline acetyltransferase- and glutamate transporter type 1-positive cells. MSCs administration turned around the up-regulation of metallothioneines mRNA expression and of the activity of the anti-oxidant enzyme glutathione S-transferase, both associated with disease progression. Last, we observed that MSCs reverted both spontaneous and stimulus-evoked neuronal release of [(3)H]D-aspartate, a marker of endogenous glutamate, which is up-regulated in SOD1/G93A mice. These findings suggest that intravenous administration of MSCs significantly improves the clinical outcome and pathological scores of mutant SOD1/G93A mice, thus providing the rationale for their exploitation for the treatment of ALS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/376367
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