The reactivity of some dinitro-benzene and -thiophene derivatives with piperidine and sodium benzenethiolate has been examined giving evidence that benzenes show large and thiophenes show small kinetic secondary steric effects, respectively. The acid dissociation reaction and the UV-VIS spectra of some nitrothiophenamines have also been studied. The crystal structure and the absolute conformation of 2-iodo-3,5-dinitrothiophene and of 2-iodo-4-methyl-3,5-dinitrothiophene have been determined. For different conformations of the analogous chlorodinitro derivatives in the thiophene and benzene series, ab initio energy calculations have been performed. The results collected show that steric strain among adjacent groups affects the benzene and thiophene compounds and the kinetic, thermodynamic and spectroscopic properties of the molecules examined differently. Differences in geometry of the two aromatic rings and then in rotation of nitro groups with respect to the rings themselves as well as differences along reaction coordinates (essentially depending on hybridation changes) are used to explain the above data.

Secondary steric effects in SNAr of thiophenes: A coordinate kinetic, thermodynamic, UV-VIS, crystallographic and ab initio study

MUGNOLI, ANGELO;PANI, MARCELLA;
1997

Abstract

The reactivity of some dinitro-benzene and -thiophene derivatives with piperidine and sodium benzenethiolate has been examined giving evidence that benzenes show large and thiophenes show small kinetic secondary steric effects, respectively. The acid dissociation reaction and the UV-VIS spectra of some nitrothiophenamines have also been studied. The crystal structure and the absolute conformation of 2-iodo-3,5-dinitrothiophene and of 2-iodo-4-methyl-3,5-dinitrothiophene have been determined. For different conformations of the analogous chlorodinitro derivatives in the thiophene and benzene series, ab initio energy calculations have been performed. The results collected show that steric strain among adjacent groups affects the benzene and thiophene compounds and the kinetic, thermodynamic and spectroscopic properties of the molecules examined differently. Differences in geometry of the two aromatic rings and then in rotation of nitro groups with respect to the rings themselves as well as differences along reaction coordinates (essentially depending on hybridation changes) are used to explain the above data.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/333192
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