Osteosarcoma of the jaw is a rare disease; we report two cases, one in which the primary osteosarcoma had occurred in the sacrum and ileum, the second at the mandible. Dissemination of osteosarcoma to other organs, especially early dissemination to the lung, is common, but metastasis to the jaw has only rarely been reported. About 10% of osteosarcomas occur in the head and neck, most in the mandible or maxilla. Clinically, both patients presented swelling, and pain at the jaw in the premolar-molar region. At radiography, extensive bone erosion and soft-tissue swelling were apparent. A biopsy was taken and a diagnosis of osteosarcoma rendered in both cases. Histological examination revealed a proliferation of atypical osteoblast-like cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and formation of scattered neoplastic osteoid tissue. Immunohistochemistry for a panel of antibodies showed strong positivity for CD99, weak positivity for S-100, but was negative for desmin, vimentin, and cytokeratins. The diagnosis for both cases was of osteogenic osteosarcoma, chondroblastic subtype. Unfortunately, both patients died, one before the planned chemotherapy regime could begin, the second during the chemotherapy course. Our report aims to highlight the importance of the diagnostic profile in formulating a diagnosis of osteosarcoma, and that this tumor, although very rare, may be primary or may metastasize to the jaws.
Clinical and histopathological profile of primary or secondary osteosarcoma of the jaws. / Angiero F; Moltrasio F; Cattoretti G; Valente MG. - ELETTRONICO. - 31(12)(2011), pp. 4485-4489.