We describe the histological examination of 18 aborted fetuses that had increased nuchal translucency {(NT)} between 11(+0) and 13(+6) weeks' gestation. The aim of this study was to assess the corresponding {NT} anatomic features by immunohistochemical {(IHC)} investigation. A morphological study was performed using lymphatic and blood endothelial specific markers, as well as smooth muscle actin {(SMA).} We found that all 18 cases were D2-40 positive, {CD31} positive, and {CD34} negative, suggesting the presence of nuchal lymph vessel ectasia. We found that 12/18 cases were SMA staining positive and 6/18 cases were SMA negative, suggesting that 6/18 cases had nuchal cystic lymphangiectasia, whereas 12/18 had cystic hygromas. The present data seem to confirm the reasonable hypothesis that lymphangiogenesis plays a relevant role in nuchal edema, increased NT, and that increased NT is the result of a lymphatic malformation or a delayed development of the lymphatic system.

Nuchal translucency and lymphatic system maldevelopment

BOCCARDO, FRANCESCO;BONIOLI, EUGENIO;CAMPISI, CORRADINO;GRILLO, FEDERICA;FULCHERI, EZIO
2009

Abstract

We describe the histological examination of 18 aborted fetuses that had increased nuchal translucency {(NT)} between 11(+0) and 13(+6) weeks' gestation. The aim of this study was to assess the corresponding {NT} anatomic features by immunohistochemical {(IHC)} investigation. A morphological study was performed using lymphatic and blood endothelial specific markers, as well as smooth muscle actin {(SMA).} We found that all 18 cases were D2-40 positive, {CD31} positive, and {CD34} negative, suggesting the presence of nuchal lymph vessel ectasia. We found that 12/18 cases were SMA staining positive and 6/18 cases were SMA negative, suggesting that 6/18 cases had nuchal cystic lymphangiectasia, whereas 12/18 had cystic hygromas. The present data seem to confirm the reasonable hypothesis that lymphangiogenesis plays a relevant role in nuchal edema, increased NT, and that increased NT is the result of a lymphatic malformation or a delayed development of the lymphatic system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/308889
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