In resting human neuronal cells, nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is present in its native 160 kDa form in a quiescent state predominantly co-localized on the plasma membrane, via its PDZ (Psd-95/Discs-large/Zona Occludens) domain, with NMDA receptor (NMDA-R) and in tight association with heat shock protein 90 (HSP90). Following exposure of the cells to Ca2+-ionophore or to NMDA, nNOS undergoes proteolytic removal of the PDZ domain being converted into a fully active 130 kDa form. The newly generated nNO synthase form dissociates from NMDA-R and extensively diffuses into the cytosol in direct correlation with NO production. Intracellular redistribution and activation of nNOS are completely prevented in cells preloaded with calpain inhibitor-1, indicating that these processes are triggered by a concomitant activation of calpain. The role of calpain has been confirmed by immunoprecipitation experiments revealing that also l-calpain is specifically recruited into the NMDA-R-nNOS-HSP90 complex following calcium loading. Thus, the formation of clusters containing HSP90, l-calpain, nNOS and NMDA-R represents the limiting step for the operation of the mechanism that links an efficient synthesis of NO to a local increase in Ca2+ influx. Keywords: Ca2+-dependent proteolysis, calpain, HSP90, NMDA-R, nNOS, PDZ domain. J. Neurochem. (2009) 110, 412–421.

Calpain-mediated activation of NO synthase in human neuroblastoma SK-N-BE cells

AVERNA, MONICA;STIFANESE, ROBERTO;DE TULLIO, ROBERTA;SALAMINO, FRANCA;PONTREMOLI, SANDRO;MELLONI, EDON
2009

Abstract

In resting human neuronal cells, nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is present in its native 160 kDa form in a quiescent state predominantly co-localized on the plasma membrane, via its PDZ (Psd-95/Discs-large/Zona Occludens) domain, with NMDA receptor (NMDA-R) and in tight association with heat shock protein 90 (HSP90). Following exposure of the cells to Ca2+-ionophore or to NMDA, nNOS undergoes proteolytic removal of the PDZ domain being converted into a fully active 130 kDa form. The newly generated nNO synthase form dissociates from NMDA-R and extensively diffuses into the cytosol in direct correlation with NO production. Intracellular redistribution and activation of nNOS are completely prevented in cells preloaded with calpain inhibitor-1, indicating that these processes are triggered by a concomitant activation of calpain. The role of calpain has been confirmed by immunoprecipitation experiments revealing that also l-calpain is specifically recruited into the NMDA-R-nNOS-HSP90 complex following calcium loading. Thus, the formation of clusters containing HSP90, l-calpain, nNOS and NMDA-R represents the limiting step for the operation of the mechanism that links an efficient synthesis of NO to a local increase in Ca2+ influx. Keywords: Ca2+-dependent proteolysis, calpain, HSP90, NMDA-R, nNOS, PDZ domain. J. Neurochem. (2009) 110, 412–421.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/267002
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