Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a chemokine of the CXC subfamily that exerts its effects via CXCR4, a G-protein-coupled receptor. CXCR4 is often expressed. by tumor cells, and its activation causes tumor cell proliferation. Using GH4C1 cells, here we show that SDF-1 induced cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, we evaluated the intracellular signaling involved in this effect. SDF-1 increased cytosolic [Ca2+] and activated Pyk2, ERK1/2, and BKCa, channels. To correlate these intracellular effectors with the proliferative activity of SDF-1, we inhibited their activity using BAPTA-AM (Ca2+ chelator), PD98059 (MEK inhibitor), salicylate (Pyk2 inhibitor), and TEA (K+ channel blocker). All these compounds reverted SDF-1-induced proliferation, suggesting the involvement of multiple intracellular pathways. To identify a possible crosstalk and a molecular ordering among these pathways, we tested these antagonists on SDF-1-dependent activation of ERK1/2, Pyk2, and BKCa channels. We report that the inhibition of [Ca2+](i) increase or the blockade of BKCa channel activity did not affect ERK1/2 activation by SDF-1; Pyk2 activation was purely Ca2+ dependent, not involving ERK1/2 or BKCa channels; and BKCa channel activity was antagonized by Pyk2 but not by ERK1/2 inhibitors. These data suggest that SDF-1-dependent increase of [Ca2+](i) activates Pyk2, which, in turn, regulates BKCa channel activity. Conversely, ERK1/2 activation is an independent phenomenon. In conclusion, we demonstrate that SDF-1 induces proliferation of GH4C1 cells, suggesting that the activation of CXCR4 may represent a novel regulatory mechanism for pituitary cell proliferation which may contribute to pituitary adenoma development.
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|Titolo:||SDF1 controls pituitary cell proliferation through the activation of ERK1/2 and the Ca2+-dependent cytosolic tyrosine kinase, Pyk2.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|