The assessment of the ecological status, as required by the Water Framework Directive (WFD), plays an important role in coastal zone management, but only a small number of ecological indices are applicable on rocky bottoms. In this study, we apply a previously defined ecological quality index based on the cartography of littoral and upper-sublittoral rocky-shore communities (CARLIT), based on the sensitivity of algae dominated communities to anthropogenic impacts along a moderate urban gradient. We also apply this index in four Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), proposed as reference sites at a regional scale. After comparing the outputs with water variables and other quality indices, we can affirm that (1) the CARLIT index is suitable to detect different kinds of anthropogenic pressures, that (2) the choice of proper reference sites is a focal point in the fulfilment of the WFD (Water Framework Directive) and that (3) historical data are important to define reference conditions and the degradation of ecological status.
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|Titolo:||Ecological status in the Ligurian Sea: the effect of coastline urbanisation and the importance of proper reference sites|
|Autori interni:||ASNAGHI, VALENTINA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Rivista:||MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|