In the last few years, highly active antiretroviral therapy ( HAART) has resulted in a remarkable decrease in HIV-related morbidity and mortality. This "new deal" encouraged clinical research in investigating patients' manifest behaviours and their beliefs regarding their health status, which likely influence not only their treatment-linked behaviours but also their quality of life. Locus of control has been shown to be a construct that can predict and explain health-related behaviours. The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Form C (MHLC-C) is a condition-specific locus of control scale that can be easily adapted for use with any medical or health-related condition. With the aim to enhance the knowledge about the HIV+ patients' point of view of their complex health condition, this study preliminarily investigated the psychometrics properties of the MHLC-C Italian version and its generalizability across samples defined both by being adherent or not and by gender. Two more samples of chronic patients ( Cardiac Surgery and Cancer) were enrolled to better characterize the HIV+ patient's MHLC-C profile. The results showed the validity, reliability and generalizability of the 4-factor structure of MHLC-C. More interestingly, HIV+ subjects revealed a peculiar pattern of beliefs regarding their health condition that clinicians should take into account when managing patients' complex bio-psychosocial condition.

The usefullness of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Form C for HIV+ subjects: an Italian study

CHIORRI, CARLO;
2008

Abstract

In the last few years, highly active antiretroviral therapy ( HAART) has resulted in a remarkable decrease in HIV-related morbidity and mortality. This "new deal" encouraged clinical research in investigating patients' manifest behaviours and their beliefs regarding their health status, which likely influence not only their treatment-linked behaviours but also their quality of life. Locus of control has been shown to be a construct that can predict and explain health-related behaviours. The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Form C (MHLC-C) is a condition-specific locus of control scale that can be easily adapted for use with any medical or health-related condition. With the aim to enhance the knowledge about the HIV+ patients' point of view of their complex health condition, this study preliminarily investigated the psychometrics properties of the MHLC-C Italian version and its generalizability across samples defined both by being adherent or not and by gender. Two more samples of chronic patients ( Cardiac Surgery and Cancer) were enrolled to better characterize the HIV+ patient's MHLC-C profile. The results showed the validity, reliability and generalizability of the 4-factor structure of MHLC-C. More interestingly, HIV+ subjects revealed a peculiar pattern of beliefs regarding their health condition that clinicians should take into account when managing patients' complex bio-psychosocial condition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/229925
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