The evolution with ageing of insulin resistance, body weight (BW) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) was studied in a group of Zucker fatty rats (ZFRs, n = 22), between 7 and 16 weeks of age, compared with an age-matched control group of Zucker lean rats (ZLRs, n = 22). The minimal model of glucose kinetics was applied to estimate glucose effectiveness, S(G), and insulin sensitivity, S(I), from insulinaemia and glycaemia measured during a 70 min intravenous glucose tolerance test. No correlation was found between S(G) and age in both ZFR and ZLR groups. No significant changes in mean S(G) between the two groups indicated no alteration of glucose-mediated glucose disposal. Estimates of S(I) from individual ZFRs were independent of age and, on average, showed 83% reduction (P < 0.001) compared with the ZLR group. Despite the lack of alteration of S(I) with age, the ZFR group showed an age-related increase of MAP, which correlated with increasing BW (r = 0.71 and P < 0.001). These results support the hypothesis that in our ZFRs, as a suitable genetic model of obesity and hypertension, insulin resistance is fully established at the age of 7 weeks and remains practically unaltered until at least the sixteenth week. An age-related increase in arterial pressure, observed in this strain, relates more properly to increasing BW, rather than insulin resistance. Development of hypertension with increasing age and BW may result from an enhanced insulin-mediated activity of the sympathetic nervous system, as observed in our previously reported study.

Age-related analysis of insulin resistance, body weight and arterial pressure in the Zucker fatty rat

COGO, CARLA;FAELLI, EMANUELA LUISA;RUGGERI, PIERO
2009

Abstract

The evolution with ageing of insulin resistance, body weight (BW) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) was studied in a group of Zucker fatty rats (ZFRs, n = 22), between 7 and 16 weeks of age, compared with an age-matched control group of Zucker lean rats (ZLRs, n = 22). The minimal model of glucose kinetics was applied to estimate glucose effectiveness, S(G), and insulin sensitivity, S(I), from insulinaemia and glycaemia measured during a 70 min intravenous glucose tolerance test. No correlation was found between S(G) and age in both ZFR and ZLR groups. No significant changes in mean S(G) between the two groups indicated no alteration of glucose-mediated glucose disposal. Estimates of S(I) from individual ZFRs were independent of age and, on average, showed 83% reduction (P < 0.001) compared with the ZLR group. Despite the lack of alteration of S(I) with age, the ZFR group showed an age-related increase of MAP, which correlated with increasing BW (r = 0.71 and P < 0.001). These results support the hypothesis that in our ZFRs, as a suitable genetic model of obesity and hypertension, insulin resistance is fully established at the age of 7 weeks and remains practically unaltered until at least the sixteenth week. An age-related increase in arterial pressure, observed in this strain, relates more properly to increasing BW, rather than insulin resistance. Development of hypertension with increasing age and BW may result from an enhanced insulin-mediated activity of the sympathetic nervous system, as observed in our previously reported study.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/223753
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