Background: Pringle's manoeuvre controls excessive bleeding, but results in ischaemia-reperfusion injury during liver surgery. Activation of the heat-shock protein system of cell defense has been demonstrated after ischaemia-reperfusion injury in animal tissues. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the ischaemia-reperfusion accompanying hepatic surgery induces heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) in human liver and whether the induction of HSP70 is related to the recovery of liver function. Methods: Heat-shock protein 70 and γ-actin mRNAs were assayed in the liver biopsies of 10 subjects undergoing partial hepatectomy for localized lesions. Measurements were performed before the Pringle's manoeuvre and at the end of the surgery. Transaminases and fibrinogen were measured before and at 12, 24 and 36 h following hepatectomy. Results: After an average 40 ± 8-min period of warm ischaemia, a significant increase of HSP70 mRNA (187 ± 67%, 2P < 0.05) was observed. The acute increase of HSP70 mRNA correlates with the decrease of transaminases (AST: rs -0.964, ALT: rs -0.891, P < 0.002) and the increase of fibrinogen (rs -0.7, P < 0.02) observed between 12 and 24 h following surgery. Conclusions: Heat-shock protein 70 is induced by ischaemia-reperfusion injury in human liver. Its induction seems to have beneficial effects, including a prompt reduction of transaminases and a rapid recovery of fibrinogen synthesis.
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|Titolo:||Heat-shock protein 70 favours human liver recovery from ischaemia-reperfusion|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|