Di Napoli P, Taccardi AA, Grilli A, De Lutiis MA, Barsotti A, Felaco M, De Caterina R. Chronic treatment with rosuvastatin modulates nitric oxide synthase expression and reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat hearts. Cardiovasc Res. 2005 Jun 1;66(3):462-71. Epub 2005 Mar 2. Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, Department of Clinical Sciences and Bioimaging, and Center of Excellence of Aging, G. d'Annunzio University, Chieti, Italy. OBJECTIVE: Due to reported modulatory effects of statins on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression, we tested the hypothesis of protective effects of in vivo chronic treatment with rosuvastatin, a novel 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A-reductase inhibitor, on ischemia-reperfusion injury, and investigated mechanisms involved. METHODS: After 3 weeks of in vivo treatment with rosuvastatin (0.2-20 mg/kg/day) or placebo, excised hearts from Wistar rats were subjected to 15 min global ischemia and 22-180 min reperfusion. We evaluated creatine-phosphokinase and nitrite levels in the coronary effluent, heart weight changes, microvascular permeability (extravasation of fluoresceine-labeled albumin), ultrastructural alterations, and the expression of endothelial (e) and inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting). RESULTS: Rosuvastatin 0.2 and 2 mg/kg/day significantly reduced myocardial damage and vascular hyperpermeability, concomitant with a reduction in endothelial and cardiomyocyte lesions. At 2 mg/kg/day, rosuvastatin significantly increased eNOS mRNA and protein compared with untreated hearts, and conversely decreased iNOS mRNA and protein, as well as nitrite production after ischemia-reperfusion. The addition of the NOS inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME, 30 micromol/L) significantly reduced cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic treatment with rosuvastatin before ischemia reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury and prevents coronary endothelial cell and cardiomyocyte damage by NO-dependent mechanisms.

Chronic treatment with rosuvastatin modulates nitric oxide synthase expression and reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat hearts.

BARSOTTI, ANTONIO;
2005-01-01

Abstract

Di Napoli P, Taccardi AA, Grilli A, De Lutiis MA, Barsotti A, Felaco M, De Caterina R. Chronic treatment with rosuvastatin modulates nitric oxide synthase expression and reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat hearts. Cardiovasc Res. 2005 Jun 1;66(3):462-71. Epub 2005 Mar 2. Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, Department of Clinical Sciences and Bioimaging, and Center of Excellence of Aging, G. d'Annunzio University, Chieti, Italy. OBJECTIVE: Due to reported modulatory effects of statins on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression, we tested the hypothesis of protective effects of in vivo chronic treatment with rosuvastatin, a novel 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A-reductase inhibitor, on ischemia-reperfusion injury, and investigated mechanisms involved. METHODS: After 3 weeks of in vivo treatment with rosuvastatin (0.2-20 mg/kg/day) or placebo, excised hearts from Wistar rats were subjected to 15 min global ischemia and 22-180 min reperfusion. We evaluated creatine-phosphokinase and nitrite levels in the coronary effluent, heart weight changes, microvascular permeability (extravasation of fluoresceine-labeled albumin), ultrastructural alterations, and the expression of endothelial (e) and inducible (i) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting). RESULTS: Rosuvastatin 0.2 and 2 mg/kg/day significantly reduced myocardial damage and vascular hyperpermeability, concomitant with a reduction in endothelial and cardiomyocyte lesions. At 2 mg/kg/day, rosuvastatin significantly increased eNOS mRNA and protein compared with untreated hearts, and conversely decreased iNOS mRNA and protein, as well as nitrite production after ischemia-reperfusion. The addition of the NOS inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME, 30 micromol/L) significantly reduced cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic treatment with rosuvastatin before ischemia reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury and prevents coronary endothelial cell and cardiomyocyte damage by NO-dependent mechanisms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/206973
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