This study addresses the limited range of quantification with colorimetric assays (ELISA) starting from the analysis of color production in a reference external curve. An automatic ELISA management software, designated Quanti- Kin© Detection System (QKDS) is described, which retains the sensitivity of the end-point reading and extends the dynamic range up to five logarithms with mathematical interpretation of color production. The QKDS software is a generic system suitable for different types of ELISA with substrate incubation at room temperature, does not require dedicated instruments, performs accurate quantification (including assay quality control) and has a user friendly interface. Specific applications were developed for three types of analytes: antibodies, viral antigens and nucleic acids. Data are presented on three representative QKDS applications to HIV antibodies, p24 antigen and proviral DNA kits. The precision of quantification is strictly correlated with the precision of the kit; however, for almost all samples with known analyte amount, the error percentage was below 10%, only for two cases in quantification of HIV proviral DNA the error percentage was around 25%. The necessity for a wide quantification range has been demonstrated by measuring clinical samples, which showed a distribution in all possible quantification ranges for all kits. © 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved

A NOVEL AND INNOVATIVE QUANTITATIVE KINETIC SOFTWARE FOR VIROLOGICAL COLORIMETRIC ASSAYS.

GIACOMINI, MAURO;VARNIER, OLIVIERO
1998

Abstract

This study addresses the limited range of quantification with colorimetric assays (ELISA) starting from the analysis of color production in a reference external curve. An automatic ELISA management software, designated Quanti- Kin© Detection System (QKDS) is described, which retains the sensitivity of the end-point reading and extends the dynamic range up to five logarithms with mathematical interpretation of color production. The QKDS software is a generic system suitable for different types of ELISA with substrate incubation at room temperature, does not require dedicated instruments, performs accurate quantification (including assay quality control) and has a user friendly interface. Specific applications were developed for three types of analytes: antibodies, viral antigens and nucleic acids. Data are presented on three representative QKDS applications to HIV antibodies, p24 antigen and proviral DNA kits. The precision of quantification is strictly correlated with the precision of the kit; however, for almost all samples with known analyte amount, the error percentage was below 10%, only for two cases in quantification of HIV proviral DNA the error percentage was around 25%. The necessity for a wide quantification range has been demonstrated by measuring clinical samples, which showed a distribution in all possible quantification ranges for all kits. © 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/192361
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