BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: gd T-cell lymphomas are only exceptionally observed in transplanted patients. Aim of this study was the detailed characterization of one such case. DESIGN AND METHODS: The patient developed spontaneous splenic rupture six years after kidney transplantation. The splenic red pulp was infiltrated by medium-sized and large lymphoid cells with two or more nucleoli. At autopsy, similar lymphoid cells infiltrated the hepatic sinusoids. Histologic, immunologic and molecular studies were carried out. RESULTS: By immunohistochemistry, the atypical lymphoid cells were found to express CD3, CD45 and CD43, indicating their T-lineage origin. Approximately 99% of spleen mononuclear cells (MNC) were CD3(+), gammadelta TcR+, CD4-, CD8-, alphabeta TcR-. A clonal gammadelta TcR rearrangement (Vgamma1-Jgamma1.3/2.3-Cgamma2; Vdelta1-Ddelta2-Jdelta1) was detected. The final diagnosis was peripheral T-cell lymphoma, hepato-splenic gammadelta-type. EBV infection of spleen MNC was documented by molecular studies. However, in situ hybridization for EBER-1 (EBV-RNA) showed that only a minority of malignant lymphoid cells (5-7%) were EBV-infected. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that EBV infection was as a late event involving an already transformed gd T-cell clone.

Late Epstein-Barr virus infection of a hepatosplenic gamma delta T-cell lymphoma arising in a kidney transplant recipient.

VALENTE, UMBERTO;FERRARINI, MANLIO;
2000-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: gd T-cell lymphomas are only exceptionally observed in transplanted patients. Aim of this study was the detailed characterization of one such case. DESIGN AND METHODS: The patient developed spontaneous splenic rupture six years after kidney transplantation. The splenic red pulp was infiltrated by medium-sized and large lymphoid cells with two or more nucleoli. At autopsy, similar lymphoid cells infiltrated the hepatic sinusoids. Histologic, immunologic and molecular studies were carried out. RESULTS: By immunohistochemistry, the atypical lymphoid cells were found to express CD3, CD45 and CD43, indicating their T-lineage origin. Approximately 99% of spleen mononuclear cells (MNC) were CD3(+), gammadelta TcR+, CD4-, CD8-, alphabeta TcR-. A clonal gammadelta TcR rearrangement (Vgamma1-Jgamma1.3/2.3-Cgamma2; Vdelta1-Ddelta2-Jdelta1) was detected. The final diagnosis was peripheral T-cell lymphoma, hepato-splenic gammadelta-type. EBV infection of spleen MNC was documented by molecular studies. However, in situ hybridization for EBER-1 (EBV-RNA) showed that only a minority of malignant lymphoid cells (5-7%) were EBV-infected. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that EBV infection was as a late event involving an already transformed gd T-cell clone.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/186784
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