Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) represents an effective treatment for a variety of inborn errors of immunity (IEI). We report the experience of children affected by IEI who received allo-HSCT over a period of 32 years at IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy. HSCTs were performed in 67 children with IEI. Kaplan–Meier estimates of overall survival (OS) rate at 5 years in the whole group of patients was 83.4% after a median follow-up of 4 years. Median age at transplant was 2.5 years. Eight allo-HSCTs were complicated by either primary or secondary graft failure (GF), the overall incidence of this complication being 10.9%. Incidence of grade 3–4 acute GvHD (aGvHD) was 18.7%, significantly lower in the haploidentical transplant cohort (p = 0.005). Year of transplant (≤2006 vs. >2006) was the main factor influencing the outcome. In fact, a significant improvement in 5-year OS was demonstrated (92.5% >2006 vs. 65% ≤2006, p = 0.049). Frequency of severe aGvHD was significantly reduced in recent years (≤2006 61.5%, vs. >2006 20%, p = 0.027). A significant progress has been the introduction of the TCR αβ/CD19-depleted haploidentical platform, which was associated with the absence of severe aGvHD. However, it was associated with 23.5% incidence of GF. All but one patient experiencing GF in the this specific cohort were successfully retransplanted. In summary, allo-HSCT is confirmed to be an effective treatment for children with IEI, even in the absence of an HLA-matched donor.

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for inborn errors of immunity: 30-year single-center experience

Dell'Orso G.;Ferrando G.;Di Martino D.;Micalizzi C.;Guardo D.;Volpi S.;Gattorno M.;Dufour C.;Faraci M.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) represents an effective treatment for a variety of inborn errors of immunity (IEI). We report the experience of children affected by IEI who received allo-HSCT over a period of 32 years at IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy. HSCTs were performed in 67 children with IEI. Kaplan–Meier estimates of overall survival (OS) rate at 5 years in the whole group of patients was 83.4% after a median follow-up of 4 years. Median age at transplant was 2.5 years. Eight allo-HSCTs were complicated by either primary or secondary graft failure (GF), the overall incidence of this complication being 10.9%. Incidence of grade 3–4 acute GvHD (aGvHD) was 18.7%, significantly lower in the haploidentical transplant cohort (p = 0.005). Year of transplant (≤2006 vs. >2006) was the main factor influencing the outcome. In fact, a significant improvement in 5-year OS was demonstrated (92.5% >2006 vs. 65% ≤2006, p = 0.049). Frequency of severe aGvHD was significantly reduced in recent years (≤2006 61.5%, vs. >2006 20%, p = 0.027). A significant progress has been the introduction of the TCR αβ/CD19-depleted haploidentical platform, which was associated with the absence of severe aGvHD. However, it was associated with 23.5% incidence of GF. All but one patient experiencing GF in the this specific cohort were successfully retransplanted. In summary, allo-HSCT is confirmed to be an effective treatment for children with IEI, even in the absence of an HLA-matched donor.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1170759
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