: Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFCs) are a promising technology as sustainable power generators as well as CO2 selective concentrators for carbon capture applications. Looking at the current cell configuration, several issues, which hinders a stable long-term operation of the system, are still unsettled. According to reference studies, the ceramic matrix is one of the most critical components in view of its high impact on the cell performance since it can influence both the stability and the reaction path. Indeed, it provides the structural support and holds the molten carbonates used as electrolyte, requiring a good mechanical strength despite of a porous structure, a high specific surface area and a sufficient electrolyte wettability to avoid the electrode flooding. The matrix structure, its key-features and degradation issues are discussed starting from the state-of-the-art lithium aluminate LiAlO2 usually strengthened with Al based reinforcement agents. Since the achievable performance is strictly dependent on manufacturing, a devoted section focuses on available techniques with a view also of their environmental impacts. Considering a still insufficient performance due to the material structural and chemical instability favoured by stressful working conditions, the electric conductive ceramics are presented as alternative matrixes permitting to increase the cell performance combining oxygen and carbonate ion paths.

A review on MCFC matrix: State-of-the-art, degradation mechanisms and technological improvements

Sheikh, Asrar A.;Bianchi, Fiammetta R.;Bove, Dario;Bosio, Barbara
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFCs) are a promising technology as sustainable power generators as well as CO2 selective concentrators for carbon capture applications. Looking at the current cell configuration, several issues, which hinders a stable long-term operation of the system, are still unsettled. According to reference studies, the ceramic matrix is one of the most critical components in view of its high impact on the cell performance since it can influence both the stability and the reaction path. Indeed, it provides the structural support and holds the molten carbonates used as electrolyte, requiring a good mechanical strength despite of a porous structure, a high specific surface area and a sufficient electrolyte wettability to avoid the electrode flooding. The matrix structure, its key-features and degradation issues are discussed starting from the state-of-the-art lithium aluminate LiAlO2 usually strengthened with Al based reinforcement agents. Since the achievable performance is strictly dependent on manufacturing, a devoted section focuses on available techniques with a view also of their environmental impacts. Considering a still insufficient performance due to the material structural and chemical instability favoured by stressful working conditions, the electric conductive ceramics are presented as alternative matrixes permitting to increase the cell performance combining oxygen and carbonate ion paths.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1169498
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