Synthesis protocols of colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) comprise the coordination of the semiconductive inorganic core by a layer of organic ligands, which play a crucial role in stabilizing the NCs in organic solvents. Understanding the distribution, binding and mobility of ligands on the different NC facets is key to prevent the formation of surface defects and to optimize the overall optoelectronic efficiency of these materials. In this paper, we employed classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to shed light on the plausible locations, binding modes and mobilities of carboxylate ligands on the different facets of CdSe nanocrystals. Our results suggest that these features are influenced by the temperature of the system and the coordination number of the surface (Cd and Se) atoms. High ligand mobilities and structural rearrangements are linked to a low coordination of the Cd atoms. Undercoordinated Se atoms, which are considered the culprit of hole trap states in the bandgap of the material, are instead found to spontaneously form on the nanosecond timescale, making them likely candidates for an efficient photoluminescence quenching mechanism.

Ligand dynamics on the surface of CdSe nanocrystals

Pascazio, Roberta;Manna, Liberato;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Synthesis protocols of colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) comprise the coordination of the semiconductive inorganic core by a layer of organic ligands, which play a crucial role in stabilizing the NCs in organic solvents. Understanding the distribution, binding and mobility of ligands on the different NC facets is key to prevent the formation of surface defects and to optimize the overall optoelectronic efficiency of these materials. In this paper, we employed classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to shed light on the plausible locations, binding modes and mobilities of carboxylate ligands on the different facets of CdSe nanocrystals. Our results suggest that these features are influenced by the temperature of the system and the coordination number of the surface (Cd and Se) atoms. High ligand mobilities and structural rearrangements are linked to a low coordination of the Cd atoms. Undercoordinated Se atoms, which are considered the culprit of hole trap states in the bandgap of the material, are instead found to spontaneously form on the nanosecond timescale, making them likely candidates for an efficient photoluminescence quenching mechanism.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1147703
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact