Aim: To assess the role of baseline 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting response to immunotherapy after 6 months and overall survival (OS) in patients with lung cancer (LC) or malignant melanoma (MM). Materials and Methods: Data from a multicenter, retrospective study conducted between March and November 2021 were analyzed. Patients >18 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of LC or MM, who underwent a baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT within 1-2 months before starting immunotherapy and had a follow-up of at least 12 months were included. PET scans were examined visually and semiquantitatively by physicians at peripheral centers. The metabolic tumor burden (number of lesions with [18F]FDG-uptake) and other parameters were recorded. Clinical response was assessed at 3 and 6 months after starting immunotherapy, and OS was calculated as the time elapsing between the PET scan and death or latest follow-up. Results: The study concerned 177 patients with LC and 101 with MM. Baseline PET/CT was positive in primary or local recurrent lesions in 78.5% and 9.9% of cases, in local/distant lymph nodes in 71.8% and 36.6%, in distant metastases in 58.8% and 84%, respectively, in LC and in MM patients. Among patients with LC, [18F]FDG-uptake in primary/recurrent lung lesions was more often associated with no clinical response to immunotherapy after 6 months than in cases without any tracer uptake. After a mean 21 months, 46.5% of patients with LC and 37.1% with MM had died. A significant correlation emerged between the site/number of [18F]FDG foci and death among patients with LC, but not among those with MM. Conclusions: In patients with LC who are candidates for immunotherapy, baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT can help to predict response to this therapy after 6 months, and to identify those with a poor prognosis based on their metabolic parameters. For patients with MM, there was only a weak correlation between baseline PET/CT parameters, response to therapy, and survival.

Can Baseline [18F]FDG PET/CT Predict Response to Immunotherapy After 6 Months and Overall Survival in Patients with Lung Cancer or Malignant Melanoma? A Multicenter Retrospective Study

Bauckneht M.;Lanfranchi F.;Morbelli S.;Buschiazzo A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Aim: To assess the role of baseline 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting response to immunotherapy after 6 months and overall survival (OS) in patients with lung cancer (LC) or malignant melanoma (MM). Materials and Methods: Data from a multicenter, retrospective study conducted between March and November 2021 were analyzed. Patients >18 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of LC or MM, who underwent a baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT within 1-2 months before starting immunotherapy and had a follow-up of at least 12 months were included. PET scans were examined visually and semiquantitatively by physicians at peripheral centers. The metabolic tumor burden (number of lesions with [18F]FDG-uptake) and other parameters were recorded. Clinical response was assessed at 3 and 6 months after starting immunotherapy, and OS was calculated as the time elapsing between the PET scan and death or latest follow-up. Results: The study concerned 177 patients with LC and 101 with MM. Baseline PET/CT was positive in primary or local recurrent lesions in 78.5% and 9.9% of cases, in local/distant lymph nodes in 71.8% and 36.6%, in distant metastases in 58.8% and 84%, respectively, in LC and in MM patients. Among patients with LC, [18F]FDG-uptake in primary/recurrent lung lesions was more often associated with no clinical response to immunotherapy after 6 months than in cases without any tracer uptake. After a mean 21 months, 46.5% of patients with LC and 37.1% with MM had died. A significant correlation emerged between the site/number of [18F]FDG foci and death among patients with LC, but not among those with MM. Conclusions: In patients with LC who are candidates for immunotherapy, baseline [18F]FDG-PET/CT can help to predict response to this therapy after 6 months, and to identify those with a poor prognosis based on their metabolic parameters. For patients with MM, there was only a weak correlation between baseline PET/CT parameters, response to therapy, and survival.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1139475
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