Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition. Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) can be associated with MCI (MCI-RBD). Objective: To investigate neuropsychological and brain metabolism features of patients with MCI-RBD by comparison with matched MCI-AD patients. To explore their predictive value toward conversion to a full-blown neurodegenerative disease. Methods: Seventeen MCI-RBD patients (73.6±6.5 years) were enrolled. Thirty-four patients with MCI-AD were matched for age (74.8±4.4 years), Mini-Mental State Exam score and education with a case-control criterion. All patients underwent a neuropsychological assessment and brain 18F-FDG-PET. Images were compared between groups to identify hypometabolic volumes of interest (MCI-RBD-VOI and MCI-AD-VOI). The dependency of whole-brain scaled metabolism levels in MCI-RBD-VOI and MCI-AD-VOI on neuropsychological test scores was explored with linear regression analyses in both groups, adjusting for age and education. Survival analysis was performed to investigate VOIs phenoconversion prediction power. Results: MCI-RBD group scored lower in executive functions and higher in verbal memory compared to MCI-AD group. Also, compared with MCI-AD, MCI-RBD group showed relative hypometabolism in a posterior brain area including cuneus, precuneus, and occipital regions while the inverse comparison revealed relative hypometabolism in the hippocampus/parahippocampal areas in MCI-AD group. MCI-RBD-VOI metabolism directly correlated with executive functions in MCI-RBD (p = 0.04). MCI-AD-VOI metabolism directly correlated with verbal memory in MCI-AD (p = 0.001). MCI-RBD-VOI metabolism predicted (p = 0.03) phenoconversion to an alpha-synucleinopathy. MCI-AD-VOI metabolism showed a trend (p = 0.07) in predicting phenoconversion to dementia. Conclusion: MCI-RBD and MCI-AD showed distinct neuropsychological and brain metabolism profiles, that may be helpful for both diagnosis and prognosis purposes.

Cognitive and Brain Metabolism Profiles of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Prodromal Alpha-Synucleinopathy

Pietro Mattioli;Matteo Pardini;Nicola Girtler;Andrea Brugnolo;Beatrice Orso;Andrea Donniaquio;Francesco Calizzano;Raffaele Mancini;Federico Massa;Matteo Bauckneht;Silvia Morbelli;Gianmario Sambuceti;Flavio Nobili;Dario Arnaldi
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition. Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) can be associated with MCI (MCI-RBD). Objective: To investigate neuropsychological and brain metabolism features of patients with MCI-RBD by comparison with matched MCI-AD patients. To explore their predictive value toward conversion to a full-blown neurodegenerative disease. Methods: Seventeen MCI-RBD patients (73.6±6.5 years) were enrolled. Thirty-four patients with MCI-AD were matched for age (74.8±4.4 years), Mini-Mental State Exam score and education with a case-control criterion. All patients underwent a neuropsychological assessment and brain 18F-FDG-PET. Images were compared between groups to identify hypometabolic volumes of interest (MCI-RBD-VOI and MCI-AD-VOI). The dependency of whole-brain scaled metabolism levels in MCI-RBD-VOI and MCI-AD-VOI on neuropsychological test scores was explored with linear regression analyses in both groups, adjusting for age and education. Survival analysis was performed to investigate VOIs phenoconversion prediction power. Results: MCI-RBD group scored lower in executive functions and higher in verbal memory compared to MCI-AD group. Also, compared with MCI-AD, MCI-RBD group showed relative hypometabolism in a posterior brain area including cuneus, precuneus, and occipital regions while the inverse comparison revealed relative hypometabolism in the hippocampus/parahippocampal areas in MCI-AD group. MCI-RBD-VOI metabolism directly correlated with executive functions in MCI-RBD (p = 0.04). MCI-AD-VOI metabolism directly correlated with verbal memory in MCI-AD (p = 0.001). MCI-RBD-VOI metabolism predicted (p = 0.03) phenoconversion to an alpha-synucleinopathy. MCI-AD-VOI metabolism showed a trend (p = 0.07) in predicting phenoconversion to dementia. Conclusion: MCI-RBD and MCI-AD showed distinct neuropsychological and brain metabolism profiles, that may be helpful for both diagnosis and prognosis purposes.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1132345
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact