Purpose: A cut-off of -2 z-score for striatal or putaminal SBR has been to date arbitrarily used to define an abnormal DaT SPECT in patients with suspected neurodegenerative parkinsonism. We aimed to experimentally identify the most accurate z-score cut-offs for SBR of striatal and substriatal regions to independently discriminate PD and DLB, with respect to essential tremor (ET) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) respectively. Methods: Two-hundred twenty-five patients undergoing DaT SPECT were enrolled (seventy-five de novo PD, eighty ET, fifty DLB, and twenty AD). Semiquantification was computed by means of Datquant® software which returns measures of striatal SBR and z-scores with respect to 118 healthy volunteers belonging to the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI). ROC analysis was used to identify most accurate cut-offs for z-score for striatum and substriatal regions (clinical diagnosis at follow-up as gold standard). Results: Posterior putamen of the most affected hemisphere (MAH) with a z-score cut-off of − 1.27 demonstrated the highest accuracy to differentiate between PD and ET (sensitivity 0.97, specificity 0.94). The whole putamen (z-score cut-off − 0.96) was the most accurate parameter to support the diagnosis of DLB (sensitivity 0.74, specificity 0.95). Putamen to caudate ratio was accurate to detect PD (especially in early stages) while not DLB patients. Conclusion: We experimentally demonstrated that different substriatal regions and cut-offs for z-score of SBR should be considered to support the diagnosis of either PD or DLB. The identified less conservative cut-offs showed higher sensitivity without a measurable reduction in specificity with respect to the arbitrary − 2 z-score.

Different z-score cut-offs for striatal binding ratio (SBR) of DaT SPECT are needed to support the diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)

Lanfranchi F.;Arnaldi D.;Miceli A.;Mattioli P.;D'Amico F.;Raffa S.;Donegani M. I.;Massa F.;Pardini M.;Di Raimondo T.;Sambuceti G.;Bauckneht M.;Nobili F.;Morbelli S.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: A cut-off of -2 z-score for striatal or putaminal SBR has been to date arbitrarily used to define an abnormal DaT SPECT in patients with suspected neurodegenerative parkinsonism. We aimed to experimentally identify the most accurate z-score cut-offs for SBR of striatal and substriatal regions to independently discriminate PD and DLB, with respect to essential tremor (ET) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) respectively. Methods: Two-hundred twenty-five patients undergoing DaT SPECT were enrolled (seventy-five de novo PD, eighty ET, fifty DLB, and twenty AD). Semiquantification was computed by means of Datquant® software which returns measures of striatal SBR and z-scores with respect to 118 healthy volunteers belonging to the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI). ROC analysis was used to identify most accurate cut-offs for z-score for striatum and substriatal regions (clinical diagnosis at follow-up as gold standard). Results: Posterior putamen of the most affected hemisphere (MAH) with a z-score cut-off of − 1.27 demonstrated the highest accuracy to differentiate between PD and ET (sensitivity 0.97, specificity 0.94). The whole putamen (z-score cut-off − 0.96) was the most accurate parameter to support the diagnosis of DLB (sensitivity 0.74, specificity 0.95). Putamen to caudate ratio was accurate to detect PD (especially in early stages) while not DLB patients. Conclusion: We experimentally demonstrated that different substriatal regions and cut-offs for z-score of SBR should be considered to support the diagnosis of either PD or DLB. The identified less conservative cut-offs showed higher sensitivity without a measurable reduction in specificity with respect to the arbitrary − 2 z-score.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1132340
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