Bamboo, like wood, is a promising natural template for biobased devices that takes advantage of its hierarchical architecture, microarray channels, anisotropic mechanical and electrical properties. Herein we report a low heat thermal treatment (HTT, 700-1000 °C) of natural bamboo specimens to obtain bamboo-based graphitic devices with thermoelectric and electrochemical properties. The preservation of the highly anisotropic architecture of three-dimensional carbon material (3D-CM) allowed adding specific thermoelectric and electrochemical properties depending on the HTT of the pristine specimens. High electric conductivity (σ, 839 S/m) was observed at 1000 °C showing a remarkable potential application as a bamboo-based working electrode. The bamboo annealed to 700 °C showed higher resistivity (ρ, 0.15 Ω m, and σ, 6.6 S/m), thermal conductivity (1.77 W/m K), and thermal heating rate (1.0 °C/s). The pyrolyzed biomass (B-700) was used as a 3D microfluidic heater to heat polar solvents (H2O and ethylene glycol) in flow mode up to their boiling points. A 2D carbon hotplate heater was built-up to warm solvent in batch mode. A complete chemical and physical characterization of the samples allowed us to determine structural and chemical compositions, cellulose crystalline structure phase transition to graphitic/turbostratic carbon, thermal and electrical conductivity of unprecedented bambootronics bio-devices.

3D conductive monolithic carbons from pyrolyzed bamboo for microfluidic self-heating system

Letizia Savio;Giovanni Carraro;Omar Ginoble Pandoli
2023-01-01

Abstract

Bamboo, like wood, is a promising natural template for biobased devices that takes advantage of its hierarchical architecture, microarray channels, anisotropic mechanical and electrical properties. Herein we report a low heat thermal treatment (HTT, 700-1000 °C) of natural bamboo specimens to obtain bamboo-based graphitic devices with thermoelectric and electrochemical properties. The preservation of the highly anisotropic architecture of three-dimensional carbon material (3D-CM) allowed adding specific thermoelectric and electrochemical properties depending on the HTT of the pristine specimens. High electric conductivity (σ, 839 S/m) was observed at 1000 °C showing a remarkable potential application as a bamboo-based working electrode. The bamboo annealed to 700 °C showed higher resistivity (ρ, 0.15 Ω m, and σ, 6.6 S/m), thermal conductivity (1.77 W/m K), and thermal heating rate (1.0 °C/s). The pyrolyzed biomass (B-700) was used as a 3D microfluidic heater to heat polar solvents (H2O and ethylene glycol) in flow mode up to their boiling points. A 2D carbon hotplate heater was built-up to warm solvent in batch mode. A complete chemical and physical characterization of the samples allowed us to determine structural and chemical compositions, cellulose crystalline structure phase transition to graphitic/turbostratic carbon, thermal and electrical conductivity of unprecedented bambootronics bio-devices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1127435
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