Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury complicates both unpredictable events (myocardial infarction and stroke) as well as surgically-induced ones when transient clampage of major vessels is needed. Although the main cause of damage is attributed to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, the use of antioxidant compounds for protection gave poor results when challenged in clinics. More recently, there is an assumption that, in humans, profound metabolic changes may prevail in driving I/R injury. In the present work, we narrowed the field of search to I/R injury in the heart/brain/kidney axis in acute myocardial infarction, major vascular surgery, and to the current practice of protection in both settings; then, to help the definition of novel strategies to be translated clinically, the most promising metabolic targets with their modulatory compounds-when available-and new preclinical strategies against I/R injury are described. The consideration arisen from the broad range of studies we have reviewed will help to define novel therapeutic approaches to ensure mitochondrial protection, when I/R events are predictable, and to cope with I/R injury, when it occurs unexpectedly.

PCSK9 and Other Metabolic Targets to Counteract Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Acute Myocardial Infarction and Visceral Vascular Surgery

Ortona, Silvia;Barisione, Chiara;Ferrari, Pier Francesco;Palombo, Domenico;Pratesi, Giovanni
2022-01-01

Abstract

Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury complicates both unpredictable events (myocardial infarction and stroke) as well as surgically-induced ones when transient clampage of major vessels is needed. Although the main cause of damage is attributed to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, the use of antioxidant compounds for protection gave poor results when challenged in clinics. More recently, there is an assumption that, in humans, profound metabolic changes may prevail in driving I/R injury. In the present work, we narrowed the field of search to I/R injury in the heart/brain/kidney axis in acute myocardial infarction, major vascular surgery, and to the current practice of protection in both settings; then, to help the definition of novel strategies to be translated clinically, the most promising metabolic targets with their modulatory compounds-when available-and new preclinical strategies against I/R injury are described. The consideration arisen from the broad range of studies we have reviewed will help to define novel therapeutic approaches to ensure mitochondrial protection, when I/R events are predictable, and to cope with I/R injury, when it occurs unexpectedly.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1119029
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