Because of the ongoing climate change, the frequency of extreme rainfall events at the global scale is expected to increase, resulting in higher social and economic impacts. Thus, improving the forecast accuracy and the risk communication is a fundamental goal to limit social and economic damages. Both Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and radar-based nowcasting systems still have open issues, mainly in terms of precipitation correct time/space localization predictability and rapid forecast accuracy decay, respectively. Trying to overcome these issues, this work aims to present a nowcasting system combining an NWP model (WRF), using a 3 h rapid update cycling 3DVAR assimilation of radar reflectivity data, with the radar-based nowcasting system PhaSt through a blending technique. Moreover, an innovative post-processing algorithm named SWING (Score-Weighted Improved NowcastinG) has been developed in order to take into account the timely and spatial uncertainty in the convective field simulation. The overarching goal is to pave the way for an easy and automatic communication of the heavy rainfall warning derived by the nowcasting procedure. The results obtained applying the SWING algorithm over a case study of 22 days in the fall 2019 season suggest that the algorithm could improve the predictive capability of a traditional deterministic nowcasting forecast system, keeping a useful forecast timing and thus integrating the current forecast procedures. Eventually, the main advantage of the SWING algorithm is also its very high versatility, since it could be used with any meteorological model also in a multi-model forecast approach.

SWING, The Score-Weighted Improved NowcastinG Algorithm: Description and Application

Ferraris, L;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Because of the ongoing climate change, the frequency of extreme rainfall events at the global scale is expected to increase, resulting in higher social and economic impacts. Thus, improving the forecast accuracy and the risk communication is a fundamental goal to limit social and economic damages. Both Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and radar-based nowcasting systems still have open issues, mainly in terms of precipitation correct time/space localization predictability and rapid forecast accuracy decay, respectively. Trying to overcome these issues, this work aims to present a nowcasting system combining an NWP model (WRF), using a 3 h rapid update cycling 3DVAR assimilation of radar reflectivity data, with the radar-based nowcasting system PhaSt through a blending technique. Moreover, an innovative post-processing algorithm named SWING (Score-Weighted Improved NowcastinG) has been developed in order to take into account the timely and spatial uncertainty in the convective field simulation. The overarching goal is to pave the way for an easy and automatic communication of the heavy rainfall warning derived by the nowcasting procedure. The results obtained applying the SWING algorithm over a case study of 22 days in the fall 2019 season suggest that the algorithm could improve the predictive capability of a traditional deterministic nowcasting forecast system, keeping a useful forecast timing and thus integrating the current forecast procedures. Eventually, the main advantage of the SWING algorithm is also its very high versatility, since it could be used with any meteorological model also in a multi-model forecast approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1110917
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