The aim of this study was to investigate differences between usual and complex gait motor imagery (MI) task in healthy subjects using high-density electroencephalography (hdEEG) with a MI protocol. We characterized the spatial distribution of alpha- and beta-bands oscillations extracted from hdEEG signals recorded during MI of usual walking (UW) and walking by avoiding an obstacle (Dual-Task, DT). We applied a source localization algorithm to brain regions selected from a large cortical-subcortical network, and then we analyzed alpha and beta bands Event-Related Desynchronizations (ERDs). Nineteen healthy subjects visually imagined walking on a path with (DT) and without (UW) obstacles. Results showed in both gait MI tasks, alpha- and beta-band ERDs in a large cortical-subcortical network encompassing mostly frontal and parietal regions. In most of the regions, we found alpha- and beta-band ERDs in the DT compared with the UW condition. Finally, in the beta band, significant correlations emerged between ERDs and scores in imagery ability tests. Overall we detected MI gait-related alpha- and beta-band oscillations in cortical and subcortical areas and significant differences between UW and DT MI conditions. A better understanding of gait neural correlates may lead to a better knowledge of pathophysiology of gait disturbances in neurological diseases.

Neural oscillations during motor imagery of complex gait: an HdEEG study

Putzolu, Martina;Cosentino, Carola;Mezzarobba, Susanna;Bonassi, Gaia;Lagravinese, Giovanna;Vato, Alessandro;Avanzino, Laura;Pelosin, Elisa
2022-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate differences between usual and complex gait motor imagery (MI) task in healthy subjects using high-density electroencephalography (hdEEG) with a MI protocol. We characterized the spatial distribution of alpha- and beta-bands oscillations extracted from hdEEG signals recorded during MI of usual walking (UW) and walking by avoiding an obstacle (Dual-Task, DT). We applied a source localization algorithm to brain regions selected from a large cortical-subcortical network, and then we analyzed alpha and beta bands Event-Related Desynchronizations (ERDs). Nineteen healthy subjects visually imagined walking on a path with (DT) and without (UW) obstacles. Results showed in both gait MI tasks, alpha- and beta-band ERDs in a large cortical-subcortical network encompassing mostly frontal and parietal regions. In most of the regions, we found alpha- and beta-band ERDs in the DT compared with the UW condition. Finally, in the beta band, significant correlations emerged between ERDs and scores in imagery ability tests. Overall we detected MI gait-related alpha- and beta-band oscillations in cortical and subcortical areas and significant differences between UW and DT MI conditions. A better understanding of gait neural correlates may lead to a better knowledge of pathophysiology of gait disturbances in neurological diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1105887
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