Introduction: Topical ivermectin is an anti-inflammatory and anti-Demodex drug for papulopustular rosacea. Rosacea is a relapsing disease and the time between recurrences should be considered alongside efficacy. Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the time of first relapse and relapse rates of Demodex mite infestation and papulopustular rosacea. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of subjects affected by different degrees of papulopustular rosacea. Patients that achieved a complete response after treatment were monitored every 4 weeks and up to 32 additional weeks. For each patient, we evaluated recording the time to first relapse and relapse rate of Demodex mite infestation and rosacea. Results: The overall success rate on Demodex infestation was 87.5% only 12.5% relapse. Ivermectin leads to complete response in 70% of patients. Median time to relapse was 140 days, the mean time was 152 days. The global success rate was 54.76%. Conclusions: Topical ivermectin keeps a remission of Demodex infestation and clinical remission for long time. We proposed a twice weekly ivermectin maintenance therapy to reduce recurrences.

Papulopustular Rosacea Treated With Ivermectin 1% Cream: Remission of the Demodex Mite Infestation Over Time and Evaluation of Clinical Relapses

Trave, Ilaria;Cozzani, Emanuele;Gasparini, Giulia;Parodi, Aurora
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Topical ivermectin is an anti-inflammatory and anti-Demodex drug for papulopustular rosacea. Rosacea is a relapsing disease and the time between recurrences should be considered alongside efficacy. Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the time of first relapse and relapse rates of Demodex mite infestation and papulopustular rosacea. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of subjects affected by different degrees of papulopustular rosacea. Patients that achieved a complete response after treatment were monitored every 4 weeks and up to 32 additional weeks. For each patient, we evaluated recording the time to first relapse and relapse rate of Demodex mite infestation and rosacea. Results: The overall success rate on Demodex infestation was 87.5% only 12.5% relapse. Ivermectin leads to complete response in 70% of patients. Median time to relapse was 140 days, the mean time was 152 days. The global success rate was 54.76%. Conclusions: Topical ivermectin keeps a remission of Demodex infestation and clinical remission for long time. We proposed a twice weekly ivermectin maintenance therapy to reduce recurrences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1105217
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