Spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) complicates about 12% of pregnancies worldwide, remaining the main cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Spontaneous preterm birth PTBs is often caused by microbial-induced preterm labor, mediated by an inflammatory process threatening both maternal and newborn health. In search for novel predictive biomarkers of PTB and preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes (pPROM), and to improve understanding of infection related PTB, we performed an untargeted mass spectrometry discovery study on 51 bioptic mid zone amnion samples from premature babies. A total of 6352 proteins were identified. Bioinformatics analyses revealed a ranked core of 159 proteins maximizing the discrimination between the selected clinical stratification groups allowing to distinguish conditions of absent (FIR 0) from maximal Fetal Inflammatory Response (FIR 3) stratified in function of Maternal Inflammatory Response (MIR) grade. Matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) was the top differentially expressed protein. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of the core proteins showed significant changes in the biological pathways associated to inflammation and regulation of immune and infection response. Data suggest that the conditions determining PTB would be a transversal event, secondary to the maternal inflammatory response causing a breakdown in fetal-maternal tolerance, with fetal inflammation being more severe than maternal one. We also highlight matrix metallopeptidase-9 as a potential predictive biomarker of PTB that can be assayed in the maternal serum, for future investigation.

Proteomic profiling of human amnion for preterm birth biomarker discovery

Bruschi M;Ramenghi L.A;Panfoli I;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) complicates about 12% of pregnancies worldwide, remaining the main cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Spontaneous preterm birth PTBs is often caused by microbial-induced preterm labor, mediated by an inflammatory process threatening both maternal and newborn health. In search for novel predictive biomarkers of PTB and preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes (pPROM), and to improve understanding of infection related PTB, we performed an untargeted mass spectrometry discovery study on 51 bioptic mid zone amnion samples from premature babies. A total of 6352 proteins were identified. Bioinformatics analyses revealed a ranked core of 159 proteins maximizing the discrimination between the selected clinical stratification groups allowing to distinguish conditions of absent (FIR 0) from maximal Fetal Inflammatory Response (FIR 3) stratified in function of Maternal Inflammatory Response (MIR) grade. Matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) was the top differentially expressed protein. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of the core proteins showed significant changes in the biological pathways associated to inflammation and regulation of immune and infection response. Data suggest that the conditions determining PTB would be a transversal event, secondary to the maternal inflammatory response causing a breakdown in fetal-maternal tolerance, with fetal inflammation being more severe than maternal one. We also highlight matrix metallopeptidase-9 as a potential predictive biomarker of PTB that can be assayed in the maternal serum, for future investigation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1103941
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