Continuous flow synthesis in microreactors has been integrated into chemical-pharmaceutical industry in recent years as an alternative to the batch process due to its advantages, especially process intensification, which can reduce the time for a new drug to be placed on the market on a large scale. This work aimed to transpose the synthesis of Lobeglitazone, a drug employed in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2, from batch to flow process in a microreactor as well as to determine the reaction kinetics of each step. The synthesis was carried out in five-steps, being synthesized intermediates 4-chloro-6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidine (I1), 2-{[6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]methylamino}ethanol (I2), 4-(2-{[6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]methylamino}ethoxy)benzaldehyde (I3), 5-[4-(2-{[6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]methylamino}ethoxy)benzylidene]thiazolidine-2,4-dione (I4) and Lobeglitazone. Intermediates I1 and I4 were synthesized in flow, while I4 was synthesized either in a continuous flow multistep synthesis or in a one-pot batch process. The flow syntheses of I1, I2 and I4 showed 28.0 %, 61.8 % and 32.0 % yields at 25, 160 and 120 °C, respectively, while the yield of I3 in batch process was 73.3 % at 60 °C. In one-pot batch process and continuous flow multistep synthesis, I2 was obtained with 13 and 16 % yields, respectively. These preliminary results constitute a starting point for the synthesis of this drug in flow on an industrial scale, with the aim of improving reaction performance using this new technology.

Synthesis of Lobeglitazone intermediates seeking for continuous drug production in flow capillary microreactor

Converti A.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Continuous flow synthesis in microreactors has been integrated into chemical-pharmaceutical industry in recent years as an alternative to the batch process due to its advantages, especially process intensification, which can reduce the time for a new drug to be placed on the market on a large scale. This work aimed to transpose the synthesis of Lobeglitazone, a drug employed in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2, from batch to flow process in a microreactor as well as to determine the reaction kinetics of each step. The synthesis was carried out in five-steps, being synthesized intermediates 4-chloro-6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidine (I1), 2-{[6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]methylamino}ethanol (I2), 4-(2-{[6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]methylamino}ethoxy)benzaldehyde (I3), 5-[4-(2-{[6-(4-methoxyphenoxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]methylamino}ethoxy)benzylidene]thiazolidine-2,4-dione (I4) and Lobeglitazone. Intermediates I1 and I4 were synthesized in flow, while I4 was synthesized either in a continuous flow multistep synthesis or in a one-pot batch process. The flow syntheses of I1, I2 and I4 showed 28.0 %, 61.8 % and 32.0 % yields at 25, 160 and 120 °C, respectively, while the yield of I3 in batch process was 73.3 % at 60 °C. In one-pot batch process and continuous flow multistep synthesis, I2 was obtained with 13 and 16 % yields, respectively. These preliminary results constitute a starting point for the synthesis of this drug in flow on an industrial scale, with the aim of improving reaction performance using this new technology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1100658
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