A comparative study on sulfur-based composite electrodes comprising different few-layer graphene contents prepared via a facile evaporation method is presented here. The active material production process employed here, exploring different sulfur-few layer graphene ratios, enabled tuning and optimization of the sample morphology, as confirmed via a scanning electron microscopy study. The results reveal that the graphene content is a crucial parameter yielding an optimized morphology of spherical particles composed of an elemental sulfur inner core covered by the carbonaceous compound. The electrodes are characterized in lithium metal half-cells in terms of cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic cycling tests, rate capability and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Moreover, the lithium-ion diffusion coefficients of each sample are obtained by the Randles-Sevcik equation in order to evaluate the reliability of the electrochemical processes. The lithium metal half-cell with the sulfur carbon composite active material exploiting a spherical particle morphology delivers a high specific capacity of 950 mA h g(-1) after 100 cycles at C/4 with a coulombic efficiency of 98%. An optimized sample, tuned in terms of sulfur content and morphology, shows superior performance, exhibiting capacities of 1128 mA h g(-1) and 842 mA h g(-1) over 80 cycles at C/4 and 2C, respectively.

Tuning the morphology of sulfur-few layer graphene composites via liquid phase evaporation for battery application

Eleonora Venezia;Lorenzo Carbone;Francesco Bonaccorso;
2022

Abstract

A comparative study on sulfur-based composite electrodes comprising different few-layer graphene contents prepared via a facile evaporation method is presented here. The active material production process employed here, exploring different sulfur-few layer graphene ratios, enabled tuning and optimization of the sample morphology, as confirmed via a scanning electron microscopy study. The results reveal that the graphene content is a crucial parameter yielding an optimized morphology of spherical particles composed of an elemental sulfur inner core covered by the carbonaceous compound. The electrodes are characterized in lithium metal half-cells in terms of cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic cycling tests, rate capability and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Moreover, the lithium-ion diffusion coefficients of each sample are obtained by the Randles-Sevcik equation in order to evaluate the reliability of the electrochemical processes. The lithium metal half-cell with the sulfur carbon composite active material exploiting a spherical particle morphology delivers a high specific capacity of 950 mA h g(-1) after 100 cycles at C/4 with a coulombic efficiency of 98%. An optimized sample, tuned in terms of sulfur content and morphology, shows superior performance, exhibiting capacities of 1128 mA h g(-1) and 842 mA h g(-1) over 80 cycles at C/4 and 2C, respectively.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Tuning the morphology of sulfur–few layer graphene composites via liquid phase evaporation for battery application_preprint.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo su rivista
Tipologia: Documento in versione editoriale
Dimensione 2.69 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.69 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1099501
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact