Background and aim of the study: Mutations in the G alpha-genes GNAQ and GNA11 are found in 85-90% of uveal melanomas (UM). Aim of the study is to understand whether the mutations in both genes differentially affect tumor characteristics and outcome and if so, to identify potential mechanisms.Methods: We analyzed the association between GNAQ and GNA11 mutations with disease specific survival, gene expression profiles, and cytogenetic alterations in 219 UMs. We used tandem-affinity-purification, mass spectrometry and immunoprecipitation to identify protein interaction partners of the two G-proteins and analyzed their impact on DNA-methylation.Results: GNA11 mutation was associated with: i) an increased frequency of loss of BRCA1- associated protein 1 (BAP1) expression (p = 0.0005), ii) monosomy of chromosome 3 (p < 0.001), iii) amplification of chr8q (p = 0.038), iv) the combination of the latter two (p = 0.0002), and inversely with v) chr6p gain (p = 0.003). Our analysis also showed a shorter disease-specific survival of GNA11-mutated cases as compared to those carrying a GNAQ mutation (HR = 1.97 [95%CI 1.12-3.46], p = 0.02). GNAQ and GNA11 encoded G-proteins have different protein interaction partners. Specifically, the Tet Methylcytosine Dioxygenase 2 (TET2), a protein that is involved in DNA demethylation, physically interacts with the GNAQ protein but not with GNA11, as confirmed by immunoprecipitation analyses. High risk UM cases show a clearly different DNA-methylation pattern, suggesting that a different regulation of DNA methylation by the two G-proteins might convey a different risk of progression.Conclusions: GNA11 mutated uveal melanoma has worse prognosis and is associated with high risk cytogenetic, mutational and molecular tumor characteristics that might be determined at least in part by differential DNA-methylation. (C) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

In uveal melanoma Gα-protein GNA11 mutations convey a shorter disease-specific survival and are more strongly associated with loss of BAP1 and chromosomal alterations than Gα-protein GNAQ mutations

Piaggio, Francesca;Reggiani, Francesco;Bernardi, Cinzia;Banelli, Barbara;Bordo, Domenico;Viaggi, Silvia;Coviello, Domenico;Bartolucci, Martina;Petretto, Andrea;Gangemi, Rosaria;Pfeffer, Ulrich;Amaro, Adriana
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background and aim of the study: Mutations in the G alpha-genes GNAQ and GNA11 are found in 85-90% of uveal melanomas (UM). Aim of the study is to understand whether the mutations in both genes differentially affect tumor characteristics and outcome and if so, to identify potential mechanisms.Methods: We analyzed the association between GNAQ and GNA11 mutations with disease specific survival, gene expression profiles, and cytogenetic alterations in 219 UMs. We used tandem-affinity-purification, mass spectrometry and immunoprecipitation to identify protein interaction partners of the two G-proteins and analyzed their impact on DNA-methylation.Results: GNA11 mutation was associated with: i) an increased frequency of loss of BRCA1- associated protein 1 (BAP1) expression (p = 0.0005), ii) monosomy of chromosome 3 (p < 0.001), iii) amplification of chr8q (p = 0.038), iv) the combination of the latter two (p = 0.0002), and inversely with v) chr6p gain (p = 0.003). Our analysis also showed a shorter disease-specific survival of GNA11-mutated cases as compared to those carrying a GNAQ mutation (HR = 1.97 [95%CI 1.12-3.46], p = 0.02). GNAQ and GNA11 encoded G-proteins have different protein interaction partners. Specifically, the Tet Methylcytosine Dioxygenase 2 (TET2), a protein that is involved in DNA demethylation, physically interacts with the GNAQ protein but not with GNA11, as confirmed by immunoprecipitation analyses. High risk UM cases show a clearly different DNA-methylation pattern, suggesting that a different regulation of DNA methylation by the two G-proteins might convey a different risk of progression.Conclusions: GNA11 mutated uveal melanoma has worse prognosis and is associated with high risk cytogenetic, mutational and molecular tumor characteristics that might be determined at least in part by differential DNA-methylation. (C) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1098053
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