Peripheral blood inflammatory indices, like the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), may reflect the host's pro-inflammatory status and systemic immune response to cancer-related inflammation. We reviewed 22 combined prognostic scores based on peripheral blood-derived inflammatory indices for aNSCLC patients treated with single-agent or combination immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) as first-line or subsequent therapy lines and attempted evidence strength assessment and scoring. The Lung Immune Prognostic Index (LIPI), consisting of derived NLR and LDH, was the most studied score with validated prognostic value in over five thousand aNSCLC ICI-naïve or pretreated patients. The combination of NLR and tumour programmed-cell-death-ligand1 (PD-L1) expression showed a predictive value. The Lung-Immune-Prognostic score (LIPS) might help identify patients with poor performance status but a favourable outcome following first-line ICI. These non-expensive scores can help clinicians discuss the prognosis with aNSCLC patients approaching ICI, identify those less likely to benefit from single-agent ICI and orient future clinical research.

Prognostic scores including peripheral blood-derived inflammatory indices in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors

Rebuzzi, Sara Elena;Genova, Carlo;
2022

Abstract

Peripheral blood inflammatory indices, like the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), may reflect the host's pro-inflammatory status and systemic immune response to cancer-related inflammation. We reviewed 22 combined prognostic scores based on peripheral blood-derived inflammatory indices for aNSCLC patients treated with single-agent or combination immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) as first-line or subsequent therapy lines and attempted evidence strength assessment and scoring. The Lung Immune Prognostic Index (LIPI), consisting of derived NLR and LDH, was the most studied score with validated prognostic value in over five thousand aNSCLC ICI-naïve or pretreated patients. The combination of NLR and tumour programmed-cell-death-ligand1 (PD-L1) expression showed a predictive value. The Lung-Immune-Prognostic score (LIPS) might help identify patients with poor performance status but a favourable outcome following first-line ICI. These non-expensive scores can help clinicians discuss the prognosis with aNSCLC patients approaching ICI, identify those less likely to benefit from single-agent ICI and orient future clinical research.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1096376
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