Objectives: Diagnosis of complicated candidaemia represents a challenge for clinicians since early clinical manifestations may be non-specific and difficult to identify, thus precluding an appropriate treatment. Patients and methods: This was a multicentre prospective study for predicting complicated episodes in patients with bloodstream infection caused by Candida species, while assessing the value of follow-up blood cultures (BCs) and the persistence of positive results for T2Candida MR (T2MR) and blood β-D-glucan (BDG) tests. Immediately after the first positive BC yielding Candida species, samples were obtained on days 0, +2, +4, +7 and +14, to simultaneously perform follow-up BC, T2MR and BDG. An episode of candidaemia was defined as 'complicated' when (i) it caused septic metastasis; and/or (ii) it was the cause of the patient's death. Results: From January to June 2017, 30 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these, nine (30%) had complicated candidaemia. Values of persistently positive samples for the prediction of complicated episodes for BCs, T2MR and BDG, respectively, were as follows: sensitivity (44.4%, 100%, 100%); specificity (76.1%, 76.1%, 38.9%); positive predictive value (PPV) (44.4%, 64.2%, 40.9%) and negative predictive value (NPV) (76.1%, 100%, 100%). In multivariate analysis, having a positive T2MR within the first 5 days was associated with an almost 37-fold higher risk of developing complicated candidaemia. Conclusions: The T2MR test performed in patients with proven candidaemia may be a better marker of complicated infection than follow-up BCs or BDG. It is possible that this test may change current clinical practice, influencing the length and type of antifungal therapy in this population.

T2MR contributes to the very early diagnosis of complicated candidaemia. A prospective study

Vena A.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Diagnosis of complicated candidaemia represents a challenge for clinicians since early clinical manifestations may be non-specific and difficult to identify, thus precluding an appropriate treatment. Patients and methods: This was a multicentre prospective study for predicting complicated episodes in patients with bloodstream infection caused by Candida species, while assessing the value of follow-up blood cultures (BCs) and the persistence of positive results for T2Candida MR (T2MR) and blood β-D-glucan (BDG) tests. Immediately after the first positive BC yielding Candida species, samples were obtained on days 0, +2, +4, +7 and +14, to simultaneously perform follow-up BC, T2MR and BDG. An episode of candidaemia was defined as 'complicated' when (i) it caused septic metastasis; and/or (ii) it was the cause of the patient's death. Results: From January to June 2017, 30 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these, nine (30%) had complicated candidaemia. Values of persistently positive samples for the prediction of complicated episodes for BCs, T2MR and BDG, respectively, were as follows: sensitivity (44.4%, 100%, 100%); specificity (76.1%, 76.1%, 38.9%); positive predictive value (PPV) (44.4%, 64.2%, 40.9%) and negative predictive value (NPV) (76.1%, 100%, 100%). In multivariate analysis, having a positive T2MR within the first 5 days was associated with an almost 37-fold higher risk of developing complicated candidaemia. Conclusions: The T2MR test performed in patients with proven candidaemia may be a better marker of complicated infection than follow-up BCs or BDG. It is possible that this test may change current clinical practice, influencing the length and type of antifungal therapy in this population.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1095284
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